"In a spate of xenophobic violence in 2016, men from the Jesspestown hostel make threatening gestures towards a foreign-owned business in the area.\r\n.. read moreImage source: www.huffingtonpost.com"

This Day In History


The Defiance Campaign against apartheid laws begins

Thursday, 26 June 1952
Following the adoption of a Programme of Action in the 1949 annual congress, the ANC began the 1950s with mass action campaigns marked by boycotts, strikes and civil disobedience. ..
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South African History Online

Defiance Campaign 1952

The post-1948 period saw the African National Congress (ANC) abandoning its traditional reliance on tactics of moderation such as petitions and deputations.

Pass Laws in South Africa

The Pass Laws was a system used to control the movement of Black, Indian and Coloured people in South Africa. The pass said which areas a person was allowed to move through or be in and if a person was found outside of these areas they would be arrested.

The turbulent 1950s - Women as defiant activists

In the 1950s the government's increasingly repressive policies began to pose a direct threat to all people of colour, and there was a surge of mass political action by blacks in defiant response. The 1950s certainly proved to be a turbulent decade..



Frelimo was formed in 1962, but was initially faced with internal strife and leadership problems. A successful guerrilla war against the Portuguese was waged from 1964-1974. Frelimo got support from the USSR, Algeria, Egypt, Zaire (the Democratic Republic of Congo) and Israel.



Southern African Development Community (SADC)

Southern African Development Community (SADC) was established in 1980 as the Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC), adopting its current name during Windhoek summit meeting in 17 August 1992. 


Organisations involved in Youth and the National Liberation Struggle

See our list of organisations that were involved in the Liberation Struggle

The Anti-Apartheid Movement Abroad 1906 - 1990

The African National Congress (ANC) sends a delegation to the UK in response to the implementation of new land laws in the Orange Free State, which had stripped black residents of their legally bought land.

uMkhonto weSizwe (MK) in exile

Following British victory in the South African War, the Union of South Africa was forged in 1910 under the British Commonwealth.

uMkhonto weSizwe (MK)

On 16 December, 1961, Umkhonto weSizwe (MK) was launched as an armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC).