The first people to settle in this country were people related to the San societies found in most parts of Southern Africa. Between the 1st and 4th A.D, the Bantu people migrated to the region and they were followed by another wave of Bantu migration in the 15th and 18th century and coalesced with the Moravi kingdom. Christianity began to spread in this country after the arrival of Doctor and missionary David Livingstone. The Presbyterian mission station was founded in 1873. Missionary activities, the threat of Portuguese expansion into the interior, and influence Cecil John Rhodes. Which led to British colonisation of the territory as the Shire Highland Territory. It was renamed Nyasaland in 1907. The first political party named Nyasaland African Congress was formed in 1944. Initially, it was a moderate party. It only became radical after Kamuzu Banda had taken the reigns of the party. He renamed it Malawi Congress Party. In the 6 July 1964 the country gained independence and it was renamed the Republic of Malawi. Kamuzu Banda became the first president and in 1971 became president for life.
Destination Malawi, a landlocked, long stretched country in south eastern Africa in the Great Rift Valley on the western shore of Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi), the most southerly lake in the Great African Rift Valley system. Malawi shares international borders with Tanzania, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
The country covers an area of 118,484 km², making it slightly larger than Bulgaria or slightly smaller than Pennsylvania. The nation is divided in three main regions: Northern, Central and Southern. There are also three different geographical regions, the Rift Valley, the Central African Plateau, and the Highlands. Largest river in Malawi is the Shire river, the only outlet of Lake Malawi. Highest mountain is Mount Mulanje at 3,002 m (9,849 ft) .
Malawi is one of the world's most densely populated nations with a population of 19 129 952 million people (in 2020). Capital city is Lilongwe . Spoken languages are English and Nyanja. The Chewa and Nyanja peoples, of modern Malawi are descendants of the original Maravi Clans.
http://www.malawiproject.org/index.php?module=pagemaster&PAGE_ user_op=view_page&PAGE_id=39&MMN_position=99:87 - to read more about the economy of Malawi.
http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0806006.html -to read a short bio of Kamuzu Banda.