25 September 1974

The achievement of independence in Mozambique inspired the South African Black Consciousness Movement organisations, the Black People's Convention (BPC) and the South African Students' Organisation (SASO), to organise a 'Viva Frelimo' rally. If Portuguese colonialism could be defeated in Mozambique, so could settler-colonialism in South Africa.  The idea was conceived by the SASO Secretary General at the time, Muntu Myeza.  These rallies were the only national campaigns to be staged by SASO and it accelerated tension between SASO and the South African government.

The Minister of Justice, Jimmy Kruger, banned the rally planned for 25 September 1974. But, much publicity had already gone out, and the image of the Black Consciousness Movement was at stake. On the day of the rally people turned up in large numbers in Durban and Turfloop.  Those arrested and charged for organizing the rallies were: Saths Cooper , Muntu Myeza, M Lekota, Aubrey Mokoape, Nkwenkwe Nkomo, Pandelani Nefolovhodwe, Kaborone Define, Zithulele Cindi and Strini Moodley. Most of these leaders were subsequently charged under the Terrorism Act. Definition: FRELIMO - Acronym for the Liberation Movement, 'Front for the Liberation of Mozambique', which fought to achieve the independence of Mozambique.

  • Personal correspondence to SAHO from Ñefolovhodwe Pandelani, dated 25 September 2020
  • South African Democracy Education Trust (2006). The Road to Democracy in South Africa: 1970-1980, UNISA Press, University of South Africa, pg 142-143.|
  • Christenson, R., (1974), 'Political Trials in History: From Antiquity to the Present', pp. 84.