On 24 October, 1964 Northern Rhodesia (now known as Zambia) gained independence from Britain.  Kenneth Kaunda, the country’s first president, proclaimed one-party rule at independence. . Their independence came four years after the famous speech “The winds of change” by British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan. The country’s independence came ten months after the collapse of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, with Northern Rhodesia becoming the Republic of Zambia.

African American Registry, (2011) ‘Zambia gains independence’, [online] Available at www.aaregistry.org[Accessed 21 September 2012]|

Exploring Africa(2011) ‘Unit Two: Studying Africa through Social Studies’[online] Available at https://exploringafrica.matrix.msu.edu[Accessed 21 September 2012]|

South African History Online, ‘Kenneth Kaunda becomes the Prime Minister of Northern Rhodesia (Zambia)’, [online], available at www.sahistory.org.za (Accessed: 21 September 2012)