Onverwacht was established as an enclave of the Qwaqwa Bantustan on the border of the Thaba Nchu section of Bophuthatswana, about 50km from Bloemfontein. The place was composed of about seven barren farms owned by the South African Development Trust (SADT) for the purposes of resettling people. Onverwacht (a Dutch word for “unexpected”) originated in the granting of Bophuthatswana independence in December 1977.
Struan Robertson, (1991),The Cold Choice: Pictures of a South African Reality, (Cape Town & Johannesburg): David Philip), pp.47-48|
Black Sash- National Conference, Grahamstown, 1981, ‘Onverwacht: Ethnic Control’, [online], Available at www.disa.ukzn.ac.za[Accessed: 14 February 2013]|
Forced Removals in South Africa – The Surplus People’s Reports Vol. 1, pp.17|
Forced Removals in South Africa – The Surplus People’s Reports Vol.3- pp.166 & 168|