South Africa’s Academic and Cultural Boycott - Timeline

22 June 1946 The Government of India requested that the question of the treatment of Indians in the Union of South Africa be included in the agenda of second part of the first session of the General Assembly of the United Nations.

1952 The UN creates a task team to monitor the apartheid State and the racial affairs.

1958  — The African National Congress in Exile held a meeting in Ghana and declared the need for an Academic and Cultural Boycott of South Africa.

6 November 1962 — United Nations General Assembly creates resolution 1761 which condemns the policies of apartheid.

In 1963 45 British writers put their signatures to an affirmation approving of the boycott,

1964 Marlon Brando, the well known American actor called for a boycott of  films and movie production.

1965  The Writers' Guild of Great Britain called for an embargo on the sending of films to South Africa.

26 November 1965 — Declaration by British Academics for an Academic Boycott of South Africa The ban of Jack Simons and Eddie Roux, two well known South African academics, writings and from teaching or in their home country sparked an outrage in the UK. As a stand of solidarity,  496 university lecturers from 34 UK institutions came out in support of the boycott of South Africa.

2 December 1968 The United Nations General Assembly made the request to all States and organisations "to suspend cultural, educational, sporting and other exchanges” with the racist regime and with organisations or institutions in South Africa which practice apartheid. The resolution is 2396.

10 December 1980 — The United Nations General Assembly adopted a special resolution on the cultural boycott of South Africa. The Committee of Artists of the World against Apartheid was established in Paris with the support of the Special Committee against Apartheid.

16-20 June 1986 — World Conference on Sanctions against Racist South Africa, organised by the United Nations in cooperation with the OAU and the Movement of Non-aligned Countries

20 November  —  1987 77th plenary meeting with UN General Assembly - document ‘Policies of apartheid of the Government of South Africa-  International solidarity with the liberation struggle in South Africa’

25 May 1989  — The Executive Committee of the ANC published a paper on its position on the Academic and Cultural Boycott.

1982 — The United Nations designates 1982 as the year for International Mobilization on Sanctions against South Africa

 

12 May 1991 — The Second International Symposium on Cultural and Academic Links with South Africa, organised by the Special Committee against Apartheid took place in Los Angeles. 


References:
• https://www.sahistory.org.za/topic/united-nations-and-apartheid-timeline-1946-1994 https://www.sahistory.org.za/sites/default/files/DC/pol19890500.026.021....
•  https://www.un.org/en/events/mandeladay/apartheid.shtml  [Accessed on 29 January 2017]
•  Apartheid Rock - By Christopher Connelly 10 June 1982 https://www.rollingstone.com/music/features/apartheid-rock-19820610 [Accessed on 27 January 2017]
•  https://www.un.org/documents/ga/res/35/a35r206e.pdf [Accessed on 3 February 2017]
•  The Cultural Boycott of South Africa by Michael C. Beaubien, Africa Today Vol. 29, No. 4, The Cultural Boycott of South Africa (4th Qtr., 1982), pp. 5-16
•  https://www.anc.org.za:80/themes.php?t=Boycotts  [Accessed on 27 January 2017]
•  https://www.cie.ugent.be/Palestina/palestina174.htm  [Accessed on 27 January 2017]
•  https://www.sahistory.org.za/archive/those-who-are-confronting-apartheid-should-know-they-are-not-alone-jean-paul-sartre   [Accessed on 27 January 2017]
•  Tutu: Israel's Humiliation of Palestinians 'Familiar to Black South Africans' As annual Israel Apartheid Week opens in South Africa, the former archbishop compares Israel's treatment of Palestinians to apartheid and reiterates endorsement of BDS. Haaretz Mar 10, 2014  https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/1.578872  [Accessed on 30 January 2017]
•  https://www.allmusic.com/album/sun-city-artists-united-against-apartheid-mw0000200232/credits  [Accessed on 1 February 2017]
•  Paul Simon's Graceland: the acclaim and the outrage by Robin Denselow 19 April 2012 https://www.theguardian.com/music/2012/apr/19/paul-simon-graceland-acclaim-outrage [Accessed on 2 February 2017]
•  Jordan Runtagh 25 August 2016 https://www.rollingstone.com/music/features/paul-simons-graceland-10-things-you-didnt-know-w435711
•  https://www.sahistory.org.za/topic/british-anti-apartheid-movement

Last updated : 03-Feb-2017

This article was produced for South African History Online on 03-Feb-2017