1694 - First Central Bank established in England
1712 - Thomas Newcomen invented the first productive steam engine.
1719 - John Lombe starts his silk factory
1733 - James Kay invented the Flying Shuttle, a simple weaving machine.
1764 - James Hargreaves invented the Spinning Jenny, which allowed one worker to spin eight spindles
1769 - Richard Arkwright invented the water frame, which hooked up spinning machines to a water wheel.
1769 - James Watt patented his revision of the steam engine, featuring a separate condenser.
1774 - Samuel Crompton invented the spinning mule which combined spinning and weaving into one machine.
1776 - Adam Smith published The Wealth of Nations.
1781 - Watt adapts his steam engine from a reciprocal to a rotary motion.
1785 - Edmund Cartwright invented the power loom, which, after 1800 was powered by new steam engines. Replaced the flying shuttle.
1785 - Henry Cort invented highly successful iron refining techniques.
1790 - Carkwright changes his huge factories over from water power to steam engines.
1799 - Combination Acts make it illegal in England for workers to unionize in order to bargain for higher pay or better working conditions.
1800 - 10 million tons of coal mined in Great Britain.
1801 - Richard Trevithick drives the Cornish “puffer” steam powered locomotive down the street of Camborne, England.
1811 - Luddite Rebellion begins.
1812 - Parliament passes law making it illegal by penalty of death to destroy industrial machines.
1813 - 14 Luddites hanged in Manchester after a rushed one-day trial.
1816 - George Stephenson patented a steam engine locomotive that ran on rails.
1825 - Stephenson commissioned to construct a 30-mile railway from Liverpool to Manchester.
1829 - Stephenson’s Rocket wins the speed contest on the new Liverpool to Manchester railroad. 51 miles of railroad track in Great Britain and the entire world.
1832 - Sadler Committee investigates child labor in factories and issues report to Parliament.
1833 - The first Factory Act provides first small regulation of child labor in textile factories.
1834 - Poor Law created “poorhouses” for the destitute.
1835 - 106,000 power looms operating in Great Britain.
1844 - Friedrich Engels publishes his observations of the negative effects of industrialization in The Condition of the Working-Class in England.
1848 - British government sets up the General Board of Health to investigate sanitary conditions, setting up local boards to ensure safe water in cities.
1848 - Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels published The Communist Manifesto.
1849 - 10,000 people die in three months in London from Cholera epidemic.
1849 - 6,031 miles of railroad track in Great Britain.
1875 - Public Health Act gives government responsibility to ensure public health for housing and sewage.
1880 - Education Act made school compulsory for children up to age 10.
1890 - 90% of all ships in the world are built in Great Britain.
1890 - 35,00 miles of railroad track in Great Britain.
1901 - This Factory Act raised the minimum work age to 12 years old.
1905 - 236 million tons of coal mined in Great Britain.
1918 - Education Act made school compulsory for children up to age 14.
1944 - English government mandates and funds compulsory education for all citizens through age 18.
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