Kwame Nkrumah, the first President of independent Ghana escapes 5th assassination attempt


Kwame Nkrumah. Source:

Thursday, 2 January 1964

On 2 January 1964, Kwame Nkrumah, first Ghanaian President survived fifth assassination attempt. Shortly thereafter, he declared Ghana a one party state. During the same year Nkrumah forced a constitutional amendment allowing him to dismiss any judge. Ghanaians were not happy with the amendments and other changes that he introduced.

In August 1962, Nkrumah narrowly escaped death when he was bombed in Khungulu village. Following the 1962 attempt to eliminate him, three of his close allies, Foreign Minister Ako Adjei, Information Minister Tawia Adamafio, and party boss H. H. Cofie-Crabbe were jailed. Just months after he was re-elected, on 24 February 1966, he was deposed as President.

•, ‘Kwame Nkrumah’, from, [online], Available at [Accessed: 29 November 2011]
• Time Magazine, (1962), ‘Ghana: Who will save the redeemer?’, from Time Magazine, 07 September [online], Available at [Accessed: 29 November 2011]
• Ghana History,‘Introducing authoritarian rule and a one-party state’, from Ghana History,[online], Available at [Accessed: 29 November 2011]

Last updated : 18-Dec-2014

This article was produced by South African History Online on 20-Dec-2011

Support South African History Online

Dear friends of SAHO

South African History Online (SAHO) needs your support.

SAHO is one of the most visited websites in South Africa with over 6 million unique users a year. Our goal is to fulfill our mandate and continue to build, and make accessible, a new people’s history of South Africa and Africa.

Please help us deliver this by contributing upwards of $1.00 a month for the next 12 months.

Make a donation here and send us a message of support.