On 13 March 1994, Lucas Mangope was ousted as President of the homeland of Bophuthatswana. Mangope came to power in Bophuthatswana in 1966 during the reign of former Prime Minister B J Vorster. Mangope governed Bophuthatswana from 1977 until 1994. His reign was characterised by widespread corruption and mismanagement. Mangope was deposed in 1994 after he refused to allow free campaigning in Bophuthatswana as well as not wanting to take part in the general election that was to be held during that year. In December 1991, like other homeland leaders at the Codesa talks, Mangope attempted to present Bophuthatswana as a semi-independent territory, with the same status as the British protectorates of Swaziland and Lesotho. This ploy failed to change the view of Bophuthatswana as an Apartheid sham state. In March 1994, rioting broke out in Bophuthatswana and Mangope called in his erstwhile allies the Afrikaner Weerstand Beweging (AWB) to support his regime and thus prevent the homeland from collapsing. This invasion failed and the South African Government in consultation with the African National Congress (ANC) ousted Mangope as leader of Bophuthatswana.
Lucas Mangope, Bophuthatswana homeland leader is deposed
Sunday, 13 March 1994
This Day In History dates for TODAY
- 1828 Shaka Zulu is murdered
- 1861 Chief Sekwati dies
- 1900 British establish first ‘refugee’ camps during the South African War
- 1922 Douglas Portway, European-based South African artist, is born in Johannesburg
- 1927 The British colonial government declares the abolishment of slavery in Sierra Leone
- 1968 SACC publishes a report condemning apartheid as a false faith hostile to Christian beliefs
- 1986 Memorial service for the victims of mining disaster
more dates like these...