SA cross-border raid in Maputo kills several

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Friday, 30 January 1981

Several people were killed in Operation Beanbag, an attack by the South African army on the planning and control headquarters of the African National Congress (ANC) in Matola, a suburb of Maputo, Mozambique. Three houses were attacked and largely destroyed. Portuguese engineer Jose Ramos was "mistakenly identified" by the South African forces as Joe Slovo, one of the raid's main targets, and was shot at a roadblock. Numbers of people killed vary between twelve and twenty-four in different sources. Three were allegedly abducted. The raid was planned by Section A of the security police, headed by Colonel (later General) Jac Buchner and assisted by Major (later Brigadier) Callie Steyn of Military Intelligence (MI).

References:
• Coleman, M. (ed)(1998). A Crime Against Humanity: analysing the repression of the apartheid state, Johannesburg: Human Rights Committee, p. 132.
• Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau

Last updated : 26-Jan-2017

This article was produced by South African History Online on 16-Mar-2011