On 17 January 1852 the United Kingdom signed the Sand River Convention treaty with approximately 5 000 Boer families, recognizing their independence in the region to the north of the Vaal River (Transvaal).
This laid the foundation for the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek (South African Republic) that was to be established later in 1852.
- Omer-Cooper: History of Southern Africa; Pakenham, T. (1991). The Scramble for Africa, Johannesburg: Jonathan Ball.
- Destination Kruger Park, Transvaal Republic, krugerpark.co.za [Accessed: 19 December 2013]