Zindzi Mandela is born

Friday, 23 December 1960

Zindziswa (Zindzi) Nobutho Mandela, second daughter of African National Congress (ANC) leader Nelson Mandela and his second wife Winnie Madikizela-Mandela was born in a year of turmoil, during which the ANC was banned and Umkhonto we Sizwe formed. Her parents were always on the run from the police. In 1977 Winnie Mandela was banned to Brandfort in the Orange Free State for eight years. Zindzi accompanied her mother. This experience deprived her of an opportunity to meet with her friends and also interrupted her academic life until she was sent to neighbouring Swaziland to finish her school education. On completion she embarked on a law degree at the University of Cape Town.

• Carlin, John, (1993), A child of her time, from The Independent, 03 January, [online], Available at www.independent.co.uk [Accessed: 27 November 2013]  

Last updated : 27-Nov-2013

This article was produced for South African History Online on 16-Mar-2011