David Stuurman was born around 1773, probably near the Gamtoos River in the Eastern Cape. From the 17th century onwards, the Khoi and San people were systematically dispossessed of their traditional lands “on ordinance by the colonists”, who pressed them into service on farms. Thus, Stuurman found himself working for Johannes Vermaak, a farmer. The brutal treatment meted out to Stuurman by Vermaak led him to abandon his role as a farm labourer.
• Richard Gott, Britain's Empire: Resistance, Repression and Revolt
• Mellet P.T. Chief David Stuurman the first of the Khoi to be exiled to Australia in 1823 [Online], Available at www.cape-slavery-heritage.iblog.co.za [Accessed 6 January 2011]
• Public contribution - Email submission from Colin Abrahams ”“ article by Garth King ”“ 10 December 2010
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