Kimberley

Kimberley is a prospecting city famous for its quality diamonds, the largest man-made excavation in the world and impressive variety of tourists attractions. It is the capital city of the Northern Cape and surrounded by five of South Africa's big rivers, two of them being the Orange and Vaal Rivers. 
Kimberley has an average of 9 and a half hours of sunshine per day, throughout the year and receive an annual rainfall of about 450 mm Kimberley is situated almost in the centre of South Africa between Cape Town and Johannesburg. 
Surrounding Kimberley are many memorials and sites of some important battles of the Anglo-Boer war, most notably the Siege of Kimberley in 1899 with the famous "Long Cecil" on display, and the battlefield site of Magersfontein where Boer General used trench warfare for the first time. 
The city boasts other firsts like the first city in the Southern Hemisphere to install electric street lighting and the first city in South Africa to switch to an automatic exchanges, and it housed the country's first Stock Exchange. 
Kimberley tram service operates daily between 09:00 and 16:15 carrying visitors between the City Hall and the Big Hole and Kimberly Mine Museum. En route visitors are treated to some of the city's historical and noteworthy sites, while the tram also stops outside the Star of the West, the oldest pub in Kimberley.
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Last updated : 28-Feb-2018

This article was produced for South African History Online on 16-Mar-2011