Port Elizabeth


The PE Public Library and Savage Memorial Hall. c1903 - 1920s. Frescura collection

Port Elizabeth is the largest city in the Eastern Cape Province, it is known as 'The Windy City' or the 'Friendly City'. One of the countries largest seaports, the city was originally founded as a settlement for British emigrants. The area was previously inhabited by the San and the Xhosa. The city now forms part of the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan Municipality, which includes Uitenhage and Despatch.

• Anon. (unknown) ‘Frontier Country: History’ [online] Available at: www.grahamstown.co.za [Accessed 3 September 2010]
• Anon. (unknown) Frontier Wars website [online] Available at: www.frontierwars.co.za [Accessed 3 September 2010]
• Anon. (unknown) ‘The Xhosa Wars’ [online] Available at: www.wikipedia.org [Accessed 5 March 2009]
• Baines, G. (1989) The Control and Administration of Port Elizabeth's African Population, 1834 - 1923. CONTREE. 26. 12-21.
• Baker, J. (1990)Small Town Africa- Studies in Rural-Urban Interaction. Sweden: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
• Backhouse, J. (1844) A Narrative of a Visit to the Mauritius and South Africa. London: Hamilton, Adams.
• Caldwell, S.E. (1987) The Course and Results of the Plague Outbreaks in King William's Town, 1900-1907. Unpublished BA Hons Treatise, Rhodes University, Grahamstown.
• Christopher, A.J. (1991) Port Elizabeth Guide. University of Port Elizabeth.
• Clayton, A.J. (1986) Facts and Figures. Port Elizabeth: City Engineer's Department.
• Delmonte, L. (1991) One City Concept: Land Use. Port Elizabeth: Metroplan.
• Frescura, F. and RADFORD,D. (1982)The Physical Growth of Johannesburg. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand.
• Giliomee, H. et al. (2007) New History of South Africa. Tafelberg Publishers: Cape Town, pp. 77-8.
• Howcroft, P. (unpublished encyclopedia, part of SAHO archive)
• Infraplan (1988) Port Elizabeth Metropolitan Study. East London: INFRAPLAN.
• Lemon, A. (1991) Homes Apart. Cape Town: David Philip.
• Oberholster, JJ. (1972) The Historical Monuments of South Africa. Cape Town: NMC.
• Rosenthal, E. (1970) Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa. London: Frederick Warne.
• Strategic Facilitation Group (1991) Development Facilitation. Port Elizabeth: SFG.
• Taylor, Beverley (1991) Controlling the Burgeoning Masses: Removals and Residential Development in Port Elizabeth's Black Areas 1800 - 1900. Working Paper No 51. Grahamstown: Institute for Social and Economic Research.

Last updated : 04-Jun-2012

This article was produced for South African History Online on 30-Mar-2011