African National Congress (ANC)

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School children protesting against the use of Afrikaans as a medium of instruction at their schools. 1976. © BAHA

Armed Struggle, the revival of armed activity 1970s-1980s

The independence of Mozambique, in particular, gave tremendous momentum to the armed struggle in South Africa. Jacob Zuma recalls that when Angola and Mozambique attained independence in 1975: “the comrades had the idea that an opportunity had come to take the armed struggle, or struggle in totality, some steps forward ... since we had a link with the outside.” Throughout 1975 up to the first half of 1976, many people left South Africa mainly under the auspices of the African National Congress (ANC) to take up military training.

Last updated : 11-Dec-2012

This article was produced for South African History Online on 30-Mar-2011