NEW DELHI: 19 TO 21 APRIL 1985
DRAFT FINAL DOCUMENT
IN PURSUANCE of a decision taken by the co-ordinating Bureau of Non-Aligned Countries at its meeting of February 22, 1985 held in New York, on the basis of an earlier recommendation of the meeting of Ministers and Heads of Delegation of Non-Aligned Countries to the session of the United Nations General Assembly of October 1984. an Extraordinary Ministerial Meeting of the Bureau of Non-Aligned 'Countries was convened in New Delhi from April 19 to 21, 1985 to evaluate the situation in and relating to Namibia and to consider ways and means by which the Non-Aligned Countries could further intensify its solidarity with and assistance to the heroic freedom struggle of the Namibian people under the leadership of SWAPO, the sole and authentic representative.
The meeting was attended by representatives of members of the Co-ordinating Bureau, namely Africa:
Algeria, Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Egypt,
Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Libyan Aral Jamahiriya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco Mocambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone Somalia, South West Africa People's Organisation, Sudan Swaziland, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic o; Tanzania, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe: Asia: Afghanistan Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Democratic People' Republic of Korea, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan Kuwait, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine Liberation Organisation, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Syrian Arab Republic, Viet Nam, Yemen Arab Republic, Yemen Peoples' Democratic Republic- Latin America: Cuba, Ecuador, Guyana, Jamaica, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Surinam , Trinidad and Tobago ; Europe: Cyprus, Malta, Yugoslavia.
Also participating in the meeting were repreÂsentatives of the following members of the Movement: Argentina, Botswana, Colombia, Comoros, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia,
Mauritius, Niger, Qatar, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago.
The following delegations attended the meeting in the capacity of observers: Brazil, Mexico, Philippines, Uruguay, Venezuela, African National Congress, Afro-Asian People's Solidarity Organisation, League of Arab States, Organisation of African Unity,
Organisation of the Islamic Conference, Pan Africanist Congress of Azania, Socialist Party of Puerto Rico, United Nations.
Also present as guests were delegates from the following countries and organisations: Austria, Finland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Holy Sec, Food and Agriculture OrgaÂnisation, Internntional Committee of the Red Cross, United Nations Commissioner for Namibia, United Nations Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, United Nations Council for Namibia, United Nations Development Programme, United Nations General Assembly, United Nations Special Committee against Apartheid, United Nations Special Committee on Decolonization.
The meeting was opened at a solemn session by the Prime Minister of India and Chairman of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries, Mr Rajiv Gandhi. His inspiring inaugural address was welcomed by the participants as a significant and valuable contribution to the meeting. In view of the announcement on April 18 1985 by the racist regime in South Africa of the installation of an "interim government" in Namibia, the Prime Minister of India suggested and the meeting decided that a special message be transmitted urgently to the President of the Security Council on the matter. It was decided that the text of the address of the Prime Minister be circulated as a working document of the meeting.
The Ministers also heard an important and enlightening statement by Comrade Sam Nujoma, President of SWAPO, regarding the latest situation in and around Namibia and the progress of the liberation struggle of the Namibian people. The Ministers expressed their satisfaction at the personal presence at the meeting of the SWAPO leader coinciding with the 25th anniversary of the establishment of SWAPO. His statement was deemed by the participants to be of great value in making possible a well-informed and comprehensive assessment of the current situation with regard to the Namibian question as well as an inspiration to the Movement to further intensify its active support for the Namibian cause. The statement of the President of SWAPO was circulated as a working document of the meeting.
The meeting observed two minutes silence in tribute to the late Chairperson of the Movement and Prime Minister of India, Mrs Indira Gandhi. It recalled with deep respect and admiration the exemplary leaderÂship that she provided to the Movement and, in particular, her intense personal commitment and dedication to the cause of Namibia's independence.
The Extra-ordinary Ministerial Meeting of the Co-ordinating Bureau was convened against the backdrop of the continuing obstacles in the efforts of the United Nations and the international community to bring about the independence of Namibia in accordance with the United Nations Plan, as well as of renewed and brazen attempts by the racist Pretoria regime to subvert that
Plan and impose an "internal settlement" on Namibia. The meeting reflected both an expression of grave concern at the impediments that the racist regime of South Africa, abetted by its allies, had defiantly strewn in the path towards genuine independence for Namibia as also a manifestation of the unflinching solidarity of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries with the valiant people of Namibia in their struggle for national independence and against colonial occupation, a struggle which has now spanned an entire century.
The Ministers met also against the background of past as well as latest attempts by the racist regime in Pretoria to acquire international respectability while. 'at the same time, further consolidating its obnoxious system of apartheid and its illegal hold over Namibia. The year 1984 witnessed the spectacle of fraudulent "elections" in South Africa which under guise of so-called consitutional reform, aimed at further dividing the oppressed majority in South Africa. It also witnessed official visits by the Premier of the racist regime to several Western countries which include Portugal, the United Kingdom, Switzerland, Federal Republic of Germany, Belgium, Italy, the Vatican, and private visits to France and Austria, carried out with the objective of undermining the international campaign to isolate that regime. South Africa also continued its efforts to destabilise the economies and undermine the security of the independent African states in the region, aided by its allies and in particular by the United States policy of "constructive engagement."
The Bureau stressed the historical contribution of the policy of Non-Alignment to the struggle against all forms of foreign domination and for the liberation of African peoples from colonialism, neo-colonialism, hegeÂmonism, imperialism, racism and apartheid.
In the wake of and in contrast to these disturbing developments, there has now emerged an intensified and well co-ordinated public campaign, specially in certain Western countries, directed against apartheid South Africa. The association with this campaign of eminent political and other personalities and the public at large, and the legislative and other measures being advocated in this context for disinvestÂment in South Africa as well as the continued support from certain other countries has lent impetus to the struggle against apartheid in South Africa and efforts to liberate Namibia.
The coincidence of the 40th anniversary of the United Nations and the 25th anniversary of the UN Declaration on Decoionisation also provided an appropriate setting to the meeting. The Ministers were, in particular, conscious of the fact that 1985 also marked the 40th year of infructuous efforts at the UN to bring indepenÂdence to Namibia.
The meeting also acquired special signifiÂcance on account of the fact that April 19,1985 marks the 25th anniversary of the founding of SWAPO. This has provided a befitting occasion for the inauguration of the deliberations of the Co-ordinating Bureau. At the special function arranged to mark the anniversary, the Ministers paid special tribute to the leadership as well as the rank and file of SWAPO, and to the brave Namibian people that SWAPO has led and represented with such distinction for a quarterof a century. They expressed their firm conÂviction that the struggle waged on all fronts by SWAPO and the People's Liberation Army of Namibia (PLAN), its military wing, will find culmination before long in final victory.
Having reviewed and analysed in depth the prevailing situation in and around Namibia, the obstacles that continue to confront the efforts to bring about the independence of the Territory, and the serious consequences on regional and international peace and security of South Africa's intransigence, and having conÂsidered possible ways and means of facilitating Namibia's independence, the ministers adopted the following Declaration and Programme of Action:
The Co-ordinating Bureau of Non-Aligned Countries, meeting at Ministerial level, reaffirms the inalienable right of the Namibian people to self-determination and independence in a united Namibia, with complete territorial inÂtegrity, including Walvis Bay, the Penguin Islands and other islands off the Namibian shore.
Recalling that South Africa's occupation of Namibia has repeatedly been declared illegal by the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council, as well as by the InterÂnational Court of Justice, the Bureau condemns South Africa for its arrogant defiance of the will of the international community in persisting in that occupation. It reaffirms that the conÂtinued illegal occupation of Namibia by South Africa constitutes an act of aggression. It reÂiterates the demand that South Africa withdraw forthwith and unconditionally from the Territory.
The Bureau reaffirms the legitimacy of the freedom struggle of the Namibian people by every means at their disposal, including armed struggle. It expresses its admiration for the valiant struggle being waged under the leadership of SWAPO, the sole and authentic representative of the Namibian people, and for the successes scored therein. It reiterates the determination of the Movement to continue to extend all-round support to that struggle for justice, human dignity, freedom and genuine independence.
The Bureau pays tribute to SWAPO for the exemplary leadership provided to the Namibian people over the last 25 years. SWAPO's participation as a full member of the Non-Aligned Movement constitutes eloquent testimony to the high regard in which SWAPO is held by the Movement as the sole and authentic representative of the people of NamiÂbia. The Bureau salutes SWAPO also for the commendable spirit of flexibility and farsighted statesmanship displayed by it over the years in the political and diplomatic arena, in the context of the efforts to promote a peaceful, ne
The Bureau reiterates that the United Nations has primary responsibility for NamibL in accordance with resolution 2145 of the General Assembly adopted in 1966. It is thereÂfore incumbent upon the United Nations to ensure the speedy attainment of genuine and inÂternationally recognised independence by Namibia, just as it is the duty of the interÂnational community to facilitate the achieveÂment of that objective. The Movement of Non-Aligned Countries has consistently accepted and supported the resolutions and decisions of the United Nations on the question of Namibia. The Bureau condemns the violation of these resolutions and decisions, wherever they might occur, in particular their wanton and brazen defiance by the racist Pretoria regime.
The Bureau renews its pledge of full support to the United Nations Council for Namibia as the legal administering authority for the territory until it achieves independence. It commends the continuing endeavours of the Council to help discharge this unique international responsibility of the United Nations by protecting and promoting the interests of Namibia and its people and facilitating its early accession to independence. In this con”‘ nection, the Bureau notes with satisfaction the Declaration and Action Programme adopted by the United Nations Council for Namibia at its Extraordinary Plenary Meeting held in Bangkok (Thailand) from May 21 to 25, 1984. The Bureau reiterates its support for the initiatives taken by the Organisation of African Unity and by its Liberation Committee for the early independence of Namibia. To that end the Bureau notes with satisfaction the Declaration of Southern Africa (AHG/Decl. 2XX) and the Resolution on Namibia (Resolution AHG/Resolution 125XX) adopted by the summit meeting of the Heads of State and Government of the Organisation of African Unity at its 20th ordinary meeting at Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) from November 12 to15, 1984.
It remains the firm conviction of the Bureau that United Nations Security Council resolution 435 (1978), which seeks to put into effect the United Nations Plan for NamiÂbian independence, constitutes the only basis for a peaceful settlement of the Namibian question. The adoption of this Plan by the
Security Council, on the basis of its unanimous acceptance by all the parties concerned, had provided cause for hope and optimism. The continued non-implementation of SCR 435 (1978) testifies to Pretoria's intransigence and bad faith and also casts a shadow of suspicion on the authors of the Plan who have charged themselves with the responsibility of facilitating its implementation.
The Bureau notes with grave concern that the Security Council has been prevented by vetoes exercised by one or more of the Western countries that are permanent members of that body from taking effective measures against South Africa in compliance with its responsibiÂlities under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter.
The Bureau once again condemns the linking by the USA and South Africa of the implementation of SCR 435 to elements exÂtraneous to the independence of Namibia. Such linking has the objective of distorting the question of the independence of Namibia and of artificially transforming what is fundamentally a decolonisation problem into an East-West issue. The Bureau therefore reiterates the categorical rejection of the linkage of the Namibian independence to the withdrawal of Cuban troops from Angola; it considers such linkage as repugnant to the United Nations Plan and a blatant interference in the internal affairs of the People's Republic of Angola and designed to subvert its sovereign rights as an independent state. The Bureau recalls that the Security Council, in Resolution 539 (1983), rejected that linkage.
The Bureau calls upon the Security Council to act in a decisive manner in fulfilment of the direct responsibility of the United Nations with regard to Namibia and to take urgent measures in order to ensure that the United Nations Plan as contained in Resolution 435 (1978) is immediately and effectively implemented, without modification or pre conditions.
The Bureau has also consistently ex. pressed its grave concern at the persistent attempts by South Africa to undermine the United Nations Plan by promoting puppet Political institutions and seeking to impose
an internal settlement in Namibia in direct violation of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 435 (1978) and 439 (1978). The Bureau consequently strongly condemns Pretoria's decision to install a so-called "internal administration" in Windhoek. This development makes it all the more imperative that the Security Council meet forthwith and assume its responsibilities fully and ensure the speedy and unconditional implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 435 (1978).
The Movement of Non-Aligned countries believes that South Africa's continued illegal occupation of Namibia, its massive militarisation of the Territory, its use of Namibia as a launching pad for aggression and subversion against independent African states, as well as other aspects of the situation in Southern Africa in general, and Namibia in particular, pose a serious threat to peace and security. The international community has shown exemplary patience with an arrogant and intransigent regime. If South Africa persists in its intransÂigence, there can be no other option but the imposition against it of comprehensive manÂdatory sanctions under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter. The Bureau hopes that all members of the Security Council, particularly those Western permanent members who have shielded South Africa in the past, will display the necessary political will in this regard.
The Bureau expresses its sincere appreciaÂtion to the United Nations Secretary General for his deep personal commitment to the Namibian cause and his untiring efforts aimed at the implementation of United Nations resolution and decisions on the question of Namibia, partiÂcularly Security Council Resolution 435 (1978). It encourages the Secretary General to continue his efforts and reiterates to him the full support and co-operation of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries.
The Bureau expresses its indignation at and condemns the reported new military offenÂsive launched by South Africa on a massive scale in northern Namibia, under the code name 'Operation Iron Fist'. This new development must be seen as part of Pretoria's continuing designs to suppress Namibians through brute force, a strategy doomed to failure. The Bureau also expresses its grave concern at reports reÂgarding the massing of South African forces in northern Namibia and the parts of Southern Angola occupied by South Africa, presaging another possible act of massive aggression against, and the destabilisation of, the People's Republic of Angola.
In the context of the ever-increasing militarisation of Namibia, the Bureau also notes with grave concern and deplores the conscription by South Africa of Namibians in the armed forces of the racist regime and the creation of tribal armies. It is convinced that such coercive measures aimed at precipitating
fratricidal conflict will not succeed in breaking the will of Namibian patriots. The Bureau recalls that the General Assembly has in its Resolution 39/58 of December 12, 1984 declared all measures adopted by racist South Africa to enforce military conscription in Namibia as illegal, null and void.
The Bureau welcomed the release of Andimba Toivo Ja Toivo, SWAPO Secretary General and other leaders and considered it a victory for the international campaign for their release. It demanded once again the immer iate and unconditional release of all the Namibian political prisoners held in racist prisons, detention and concentration camps in Namibia and apartheid South Africa, as well as the according of prisoner-of-war status to all captured freedom fighters.
The Bureau reiterates that the natural resources of Namibia are the inviolable heritage of its people and is gravely concerned at the rapid depletion of the natural resources of the Territory, especially its uranium deposits, as a result of shameful plundering by South Africa and Western and other foreign economic in”‘ terests, in contravention of the relevant re”‘ solutions of the General Assembly of the United Nations, the Security Council, the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice of June 21, 1971 and Decree No. I on the Protection of the Natural Resource of Namibia. The Bureau strongly condemns the acti”‘ vities of all foreign interests in Namibia which illegally exploit the resources of the territory and urges transnational corporations indulging in such exploitation to respect all the relevant resolutions and decisions of the United Nations, immediately cease all new investments and other activities in Namibia, withdraw from its Territory and end their co-operation with the
illegal South African administration.
The Bureau considers that the illegal exploitation of the natural resources of Namibia by foreign economic interests is a serious obstacle to the independence of Nambia. It urges the United Nations Council for Namibia to take urgent measures with a view to enforcing Decree No. I by instituting appropriate legal proceeding against the offending parties.
The Bureau deplores the continuing collaboration of certain western countries and Israel with the racist regime of South Africa in the political, economic, military and nuclear fields. It reiterates its conviction that such collaboration undermines the interÂnational solidarity against the apartheid regime and helps perpetuate that regime's illegal occupation of Namibia.
The Bureau notes with grave concern the escalating collaboration between the racist regimes in Tel Aviv and in Pretoria. It notes the similarity of aggressive measures such as the "Iron Fist" policy and "Hot Pursuit" adoptee by both regimes against the peoples of South Africa and Namibia as well as Palestine, South
Lebanon and other Arab territories occupied by Israel. It, further, condemns the persistence of both regimes in continuing and increasing their collaboration in the political, economic, military, and nuclear fields as such collaboration constitutes a threat to international peace and security. It calls upon the governments of the United states of America and the members of the EEC to review and rescind the market facilities granted through so-called Free Trade Agreements with Israel as such facilities and agreements help facilitate the marketing of South African products in the US and EEC markets. Such facilities, furthermore, undermine, the effectiveness of the relevant decisions of the United Nations, and encourage the racist regime of South Africa to persist in its policies and practices.
The Bureau is convinced that the policy of so-called "constructive engagement" with South Africa, being pursued by the current United States Administration is in principle aimed at and is in fact strenghening and giving encouragement to the racist regime and that the regime's deepening intransigence, continued aggressive policy, and blackmail against neighÂbouring independent states, are reinforced by that Administration's 'constructive engagement' policy. It urges that this policy, which has come under sharp criticism from several quarters, including within the United States itself, be abandoned.
The Bureau is gratified that the MoveÂment of Non-Aligned Countries has continued to maintain a consensus on its determination to oppose any attempt to subvert the United Nations plan for the immediate independence of Namibia. In the face of South Africa's obvious challenge to the international comÂmunity it has become even more urgent for the
Non-Aligned Movement to intensify its efforts. The Extraordinary Ministerial Meeting presents a timely opportunity for all members of the Movement to implement faithfully all its decisions on Namibia especially with respect to the diplomatic isolation of apartheid South Africa.
The Bureau notes with satisfaction the pressures being exerted by non-governmental organisations in a number of western countries including in particular the United States to proÂmote the severance of economic and other links with racist South Africa, as part of a conÂcerted public campaign against the scourge of apartheid; it believes that these efforts at the public level are of crucial importance in the mobilisation of universal support for the NamiÂbian cause and the struggle against apartheid. The Bureau pledges the support, co-operation and encouragement of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries for this campaign and invites all other states and the United Nations to do likewise. It also urges the campaign to work for comprehensive mandatory sanctions against South Africa, pending which all countries should be pressed to abide scrupulously by relevant United Nations resolutions and deÂcisions and to impose voluntary sanctions against South Africa in order to isolate the racist regime.
The Bureau expresses its appreciation to all those Governments which have taken legislative and other measures in compliance with relevant United Nations resolutions, aimed at bringing about the isolation of the racist regime.The Bureau calls upon the Governments of other member States of the United Nations to take appropriate legislative, administrative and other measures, unilaterally and collectively, pending the imposition of mandatory sanctions against South Africa, in order to isolate it effectively in the political, economic, military and cultural fields according to the relevant United Nations resolutions.
The Bureau underscores the special position and role of the Frontline States of Southern Africa in the struggle against South Africa. The continuing solidarity and support of these states remains a sine qua non for success in international efforts to liberate Namibia as also the majority of South Africans themselves. The Bureau salutes the Frontline States for their steadfast support to the NamiÂbian cause. It renews the Movement's pledge of support to the Frontline States. It notes the preÂdicament in which some of these States which are particularly vulnerable find themselves, and lays emphasis on the need for concrete assistÂance to them in order to help alleviate their economic problems. It reiterates its support to the Southern Africa Development Co-ordination Conference (SADCC) and calls upon all states to offer concrete assistance through that forum as well as through other channels.
The Bureau notes that the convening, in September 1985, of the Conference of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Non-Aligned Countries in 'Luanda, Angola, will provide a concrete maniÂfestation of the Movement's solidarity with and support for the countries of Southern Africa and, in particular, with the Government and people of the People's Republic of Angola.
The Bureau recalled the decision of the Ministerial Conference of the Organisation of African Unity which took place in Addis Ababa from February 25 to March 5, 1985 and exÂpressed support for the political platform presented by the President of the People's Republic of Angola to the Secretary General of the United Nations. The Bureau endorsed this constructive and flexible position of the Angolan Government, the objective of which is to secure the independence of Namibia through the implementation of the Security Council Resolution 435 (1978) and the attainment of international guarantees for its security, territorial integrity and for the establishment of lasting peace in Southern Africa.
The Bureau expresses its appreciation to those member States that have announced, in the course of this meeting, pledges and con”‘ tributions to the Non-Aligned Solidarity Fund for Namibia. It urges other member States as well to contribute to that Fund as an earnest of their commitment and support to the Nami”‘ bian cause. The Bureau also calls upon the Board of Directors of the Fund to take steps, in consultation with SWAPO, to make appro”‘ priate use of the resources available in the Fund. The Bureau furthermore calls upon all member States of the Movement as well as all other states and the United Nations to intensify their political, diplomatic, military and material assistance to SWAPO, with a view to facilitating
the freedom struggle of the Namibian people at this crucial stage of its progress. In this connection, the Bureau expresses its full support for the Programme of Action adopted by the Co-ordinating Committee for the Liberation of Africa during its meeting at Accra (Ghana) in February 1985.
On the basis of its comprehensive review of the situation in and relating to Namibia, and the foregoing declaration, the Bureau decides upon the following Programme of Action:
PROGRAMME OF ACTION
The Chairman of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries will request, on behalf of the Movement, an urgent meeting of the United Nations Security Council to resume its consideration of the question of Namibia and to give effect to its own resolutions in this regard, in particular Security Council Resolution 435 (1978).
In view of the importance attached by the Movement to the Namibian question, the Bureau deems it appropriate that the meeting of the Security Council should be attended by member States of the Movement with suitably high level of representation.
The ministers mandated the Chairman of the Co-ordinating Bureau in New York to personally convey to the United Nations SecretÂary General the deep concern of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries at the continuing failure to bring about the independence of Namibia and the latest attempts by Pretoria to create a fait accompli.
The Chairman of the Co-ordinating Bureau will remain in constant touch with the United Nations Secretary General and with the representatives of the Chairman of the Organisation of African Unity as well as with the President of the United Nations Council for Namibia and SWAPO with a view to co-ordinatÂing efforts aimed at expediting the attainment of independence of Namibia.
The Bureau invites the United Nations, in the context of observance of the 40th anniversary of that organisation, to take due cognizance of the fact that 1985 also marks the 40th year of the consideration of the Question of Namibia by the United Nations and to approÂpriately reflect this in the programme of actÂivities to be undertaken to con- nemorate the anniversary. The Namibian use should similarly be highlighted in the context of the observance of the 25th anniversary of the United Nations Declaration on Decolonization.
The Ministers call on the countries and friendly organisations who have always contriÂbuted to national liberation struggles to increase their assistance to SWAPO and to neighbourÂing African countries in order to enable them to meet the demands of the liberation struggle and defend their territory against repeated aggression and destabilisation.
The Bureau appeals to all States to reÂcognise and respect Decree No.I of United Nations Council for Namibia relating to the Protection of the Natural Resources of Namibia. The Bureau requests the United Nations Council for Namibia to take urgent steps to implement Decree No.l in order to reaffirm its validity under international law and to put an end to the unceasing plunder of Namibia's natural resources.
Pending the imposition of mandatory sanctions against South Africa under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, member states of the United Nations, in particular, members of the Non-Aligned Movement that have not done so, are exhorted to take voluntary measures to sever all links and dealings with South Africa, in accordance with United Nations General Assembly resolutions to that effect. Such measures should include:
(i) severance of diplomatic relations;
(ii) the observance of an oil embargo;
(iii) disinvestment of existing interests, proÂhibition of new investments and apÂplication of disincentives to this end;
(iv) the withholding of overflight and landing facilities to aircraft and docking rights to ocean vessels;
(v) the prohibition of the sale of Krugerrands and all other coins minted in South Africa;
(vi) the strict observance of the sports and cultural boycott of South Africa; and
(vii) the ratification and implementation of the International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid.
The Bureau urges members of the MoveÂment to use their political and economic inÂfluence on the western countries in order to inÂduce them to exert effective pressure on South Africa with a view to facilitating the early liberation of Namibia.
The Bureau calls for the strict enforceÂment by the United Nations, and observance by member States, of the mandatory arms embargo imposed against South Africa by Security Council Resolution 418 (1977). It calls upon the Security Council to consider the Report of the Security Council Committee established under Resolution 421 (1977) with a view to strengthening the embargo and its implementation. The Bureau further calls for the scrupulous observance by all states of Security Council Resolution 558 (1984) enjoining upon them not to import armaments from South Africa.
The Bureau calls upon members of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries to conÂtribute generously to the Non-Aligned SoliÂdarity Fund for Namibia. It directs the Board of Directors of the Fund to make a review of the current financial situation of the Fund and, in consultation with SWAPO, to propose to the Co-ordinating Bureau in New York appropriate utilisation of the available resources.
The Bureau also urges member states of the Movement and other states to increase their diplomatic, political, material and military assistance to SWAPO with the aim of helping it intensify its armed struggle.
The Ministers, aware of the heavy burden placed on the Frontline States, by their support for the liberation struggle in Southern Africa in general and in Namibia in particular, call upon the member states of the Non-Aligned MoveÂment and the entire international community to implement the relevant resolutions relating tothe strengthening of the defensive capability of the Frontline States, whose security and soÂvereignty are threatened by South Africa.
The Ministers call upon all Non-Aligned countries to closely co-ordinate their positions and strategy during consideration of the NamiÂbian question at the United Nations, in order to be able to give the best practical effect to their united stand on the issue.
The mobilisation of public pressure is of particular importance in countries whose policies and practices are at variance with relevant United Nations resolutions and deÂcisions. Therefore the Bureau calls upon parliÂamentarians, non-governmental organisations, representatives of the media, academics and intellectuals and people the world-over to raise their voice, severally and collectively in support of the Namibian cause.
The Ministers also urge all Non-Aligned Countries to launch intensive mass media campaigns covering all aspects of the liberation struggle of the Namibian people under the leadership of SWAPO as their sole and authentic representative.
The Bureau invites the United Nations Council for Namibia, the sole legal administering authority for Namibia, to take appropriate action with a view to help to implement this Programme of Action.