Interview To A Correspondent Of The Novosti Press Agency, 1975

Important changes have been taking place in the world of late. The correlation of forces is changing steadily to the disadvantage of imperialism and the advantage of socialism and progress.

This does not mean of course, that imperialism is ready to lay down arms of its own free will but the times of its unchallenged domination are over. Evidence of this is the overthrow of the fascist regime in Portugal the process of decolonisation in Africa which has received a fresh impulse, and the fall of the military dictatorship in Greece.

These changes are to be expected. Because of the activity of the USSR and other socialist countries in the international arenas and the implementation of the Soviet Peace Programme adopted by the 24th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, the cold war is giving way to détente. This is an important achievement for the forces of socialism, peace and progress and the working-class and national liberation movements.

Regarding the situation in South Africa, it should be noted in the first place that the Vorster regime, the last bulwark of racialism and colonialism on the African continent, has found itself in a rather difficult situation. With the overthrow of the colonialist-fascist regime in Portugal, the unholy alliance spearheaded against the peoples of Africa has disintegrated.

The international isolation of the racialist regime is increasing. The Republic of South Africa was almost expelled from the United Nations and was saved only by the veto of the Western Powers, which continue to reconcile themselves with apartheid, a system enabling the imperialist monopolies to wax rich by exploiting the Africans.

The movement in the Republic of South Africa against the infamous system of apartheid is growing stronger.

The strike movement is gaining strength. Workers from Mozambique, Malawi, Botswana and Lesotho employed in South African mines and enterprises are coming out on strike together with the South African workers demanding an end to the system of super-exploitation. Neither police brutality nor the shootings of strikers and demonstrators can suppress the growing strike movement.

The South African Communist Party is fighting together with the African National Congress which has united round itself all the freedom-loving, anti-racialist forces of the country. The South African Communist Party is working tirelessly to strengthen the growing freedom movement and to give leadership to all revolutionary forces irrespective of their ethnic or racial affiliation - Africans, Coloureds, Indians, progressive whites - thus building up a broad united front.

The South African Communist Party is fighting for the realisation of the main points of the Freedom Charter, elimination of apartheid, introduction of majority rule, transfer of power to the people, establishment of a society in South Africa in which there will be no place for discrimination and racial barriers, and equality for all.

The SACP, a Marxist-Leninist party, a party of the working class, works with all the revolutionary and democratic forces of the country. It fights not only for national liberation, but also for social liberation and social progress.

Clearly, an extensive programme of social changes can be implemented only by adopting the path of socialist development. This is true not only for South Africa but for all the African countries. Socialism alone can put an end to economic backwardness, to monopoly oppression and imperialist exploitation, and destroy the yoke of dependence inherited from colonial days. This path of development will make it possible to eliminate, within a short space of time, hunger, misery and disease, and to create an advanced economy.

Alliance with the forces of socialism is the most reliable guarantee of victory in the national-democratic revolution and of success for the policy of social transformation in the young independent States.

Yusuf Mohamed Dadoo South Africa's Freedom Struggle: Statements, Speeches and Articles including Correspondence with Mahatma Gandhi

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