How was communism applied in Russia under Lenin and Stalin?
Background and Focus
In this topic, as well as the next, the rise of the two economic systems that dominated the 20th century: communism and capitalism is analysed.
By the turn of the 20th century, the USA and the USSR were in different spaces. The US , having conquered slavery, was on its way ( albeit, slowly) towards CAPITALISM while the USSR was largely feudal in nature. The US and the USSR were on different trajectories entering the 20th century. It is important to note these differing conditions since they will serve to shape the future of the global political and economic marketplace.
This topic aims to provide an understanding of Marxism, socialism and various forms of communism in the context of the Soviet Union. The 1905 Revolution can be regarded as the prelude (lead-up) to the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution: Trotsky was involved in setting up the St Petersburg soviet in 1905. Lenin observed the events from exile and adapted his own revolutionary theory.
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The following is to be covered in this topic:
”- What is communism?
Communism hopes to create an egalitarian (equal ) society where class structures are abolished through the state assuming ownership of the country’s resources and distributing these resources equally amongst its citizens.