Conclusion: Treks & Land conflicts 1600s - 1800s

It is clear that frontiers were changed and shifted according to various circumstances and for many different reasons during the 19th century. European colonisation was responsible for bringing advancement and development to many countries and continents, but at the same time was also responsible for the destruction of many lives and cultures. In many cases the changes were enforced and driven by greed, but in others by necessity.

The conquering of territory is still an issue in today’s world, where commodities like oil and diamonds cause war and destruction, especially in Africa and the Middle East.

Last updated : 11-Feb-2016

This article was produced by South African History Online on 19-May-2011

Support South African History Online

Donate and Make African History Matter

South African History Online is a non profit organisation. We depend on public support to build our website into the most comprehensive educational resource and encyclopaedia on African history.

Your support will help us to build and maintain partnerships with educational institutions in order to strengthen teaching, research and free access to our content.