- In summary: Factors resulting in the crisis
- The 1980s and the crisis of Apartheid
- Liberation organisations
- The collapse of apartheid in South Africa - coming together of internal and external pressures
- How the crises were managed - negotiation, conflict, compromise, settlement, elections
- ANC and the NP reach a compromise on release of more political prisoners
- The Government of National Unity and the making of the new Constitution
- Dealing with the past and facing the future
- New identities and the construction of heritage
During the 1980s, the apartheid government came under increasing internal pressure. The National Party attempted a political solution to the crisis it faced by creating the cosmetic Tricameral Parliament. This system of governance tampered with, but did not challenge apartheid.
The reforms had the opposite affect to what the apartheid regime intended. Reforms provided renewed impetus for the resistance movements, and the 1980s was a decade which became a turning point in South African history.
Popular protest by masses of ordinary South Africans against the apartheid regime reached its height in the 1980s, and the government responded with extreme brutality and repression.
Please note that this section is detailed and we have broken it up into 3 pages:
The trigger of mass civil society protests in the 1980s
In summary: Factors resulting in the crisis
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