Timeline for Grade 12.4 - The end of the Cold War and a new global world order 1989 to present

Anti-Apartheid icon walks free after 25 years in prison to become a revered statesman


The Freedom charter is adopted. This was the statement, charecterised by its demand that “ the people shall govern” that highlighted the main principles of the South African Congress alliance. The South African congress had the African National Congress (ANC), and its allies such as the South African Indian congress of Democrats, and the Colored People’s Congress.

The Black Sash is founded by white women who protested against apartheid injustices such as the Pass laws, and removal of coloured people from the voter’s roll.


The British anti-Apartheid movement is found. This movement called for British to stop purchasing South African goods until the South African government does away with apartheid.


The United Nations adopts a resolution demanding that all political prisoners in South Africa be released.

Organisation of African unity is formed. This is upon the process of independence of many African countries. These African countries united against the apartheid government in South Africa.


The Rivonia Trials takes places, where 221 acts of sabotage to conquer the apartheid government were charged against the African National congress (ANC).


The apartheid government makes national service in the South African Defense force (in terms of army, air and navy force), compulsory for all white men over the age of 16 year to take part in the army


The Black People’s convention (BPC), sharing ideals of Black Consciousness is form

• BBC NEWS. (2015) South Africa Profile-Timeline. [Online] Available from: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-14094918 [Accessed: 28 May 2015]

Last updated : 13-Feb-2018

This article was produced by South African History Online on 17-Nov-2017

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