South Africa and Mozambique sign a non-aggression pact

Graca Machel, Samora Machel, P.W. Botha and Pik Botha

Friday, 16 March 1984

President Samora Machel of Mozambique and Prime Minister PW Botha of South Africa signed the Nkomati Accord, a non-aggression, and good-neighbourliness pact, on the border between the two countries.

On 16 March 1984, South Africa and Mozambique entered into a non-aggression pact known as the Nkomati Accord. The terms of this accord was that South Africa would cease to support  Renamo forces in Mozambique.  In return Mozambique would not allow the liberation movements such as the African National Congress (ANC) and Pan African Congress (PAC) to establish bases in Mozambique or to transport arms or personnel through Mozambican territory. Machel went into these negotiations under tremendous pressure, as South African incursions, airstrikes and support for Renamo was reducing Mozambique to a smouldering ruin while Mozambique's socialist allies did very little to support and protect it from South African military and economic aggression. The Presidents of South Africa and Mozambique, P.W.Botha and Samora Machel, signed this accord.  It is disputed which country broke the terms of the accord first, but the South African Defence Force flagrantly disregarded this Accord and launched numerous incursions into Mozambique.

• DISA,"What of the Nkomati Accord?",From: DISA,[Online],Available at:,[Accessed on: 11 March 2014]
• Encyclo,"Nkomati Accord",From: Encyclo,[Online],Available at:,[Accessed on: 11 March 2014]

Last updated : 16-May-2019

This article was produced by South African History Online on 16-Mar-2011

Support South African History Online

Donate and Make African History Matter

South African History Online is a non profit organisation. We depend on public support to build our website into the most comprehensive educational resource and encyclopaedia on African history.

Your support will help us to build and maintain partnerships with educational institutions in order to strengthen teaching, research and free access to our content.