O’Malley, P. ‘1982’, from Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, [online], available at www.sahistory.org.za (Accessed: 22 July 2013)|South African History Online, ‘The Appeal Court in Bloemfontein restores Ingwavuma to South Africa’, [online], available at www.sahistory.org.za (Accessed: 23 July 2013)|Berry, B. (2007), ‘KaNgwane (South African homeland)’, from CRW Flags, [online], available at www.sahistory.org.za (Accessed: 23 July 2013)
8 August 1984
The South African government was to grant self-government to KaNgwane. This move was seen as confirmation that it had finally abandoned its land deal with Swaziland, of which KaNgwane was to have been part. South Africa and Swaziland were not new to conflicting claims about land. In September 1982, the Appeal Court in Bloemfontein ruled that the Presidential Proclamation issued in June 1982, claiming to restore Ingwavuma, in then-named Natal, to South African jurisdiction, was null and void since the State President had acted improperly. The territory in question was formally designated in 1977 with the name of AmaSwazi, and its destination was to be transferred to Swaziland. Later, this attempt failed after popular protests in 1982 and was dissolved. Two years later, the homeland was recreated and renamed KaNgwane. Subsequently, it was announced that a Commission under the chairmanship of Judge Frans Rumpff, would be appointed to investigate and report on conflicting claims between KwaZulu and Swaziland.