Bobby-Evans, A., Woman's Anti-Pass Law Campaigns in South Africa, from About.com, [online], Available at africanhistory.about.com [Accessed: 08 January 2014]|Grisim, R., (2013), South African Bantu women win anti-pass campaign in Orange Free State, 1912-1918, from Global Nonviolent Action Database, 21 March, [online], Available at nvdatabase.swarthmore.edu [Accessed: 08 January 2014]
27 January 1914
Black women in the Free State protested when they were included in Pass leglislation previously reserved for African men only. A petition against Black women carrying passes was drawn up and by 1918, this matter was discussed with the Prime Minister, Louis Botha. This law was subsequently relaxed until the 1950s. Click here for a special feature on "Imbokodo, The Women's Struggle".