Louis Leo Mtshizana was born in 1930. When Mtshizana was in Form 5 at Lovedale, after doing a study of Charles Dickens and reading Oliver Twist in English class, he wrote a note that was pinned to the school notice board:

“The present system has deprived (the student) of his liberty as a scholar. It has thrown darkness into the channels of understanding. It has caused him to rise up as a pure radical... That man has been born free does not only apply to the 18th and 19th centuries.”(Mtshizana in Kros, 2002: 62)


Walter Sisulu University,(2011),  WSU’s 6th Graduation: an historic milestone [online]. Available at www.wsu.ac.za  [Accessed 30 July 2012]|

Kros, C. 2002. “W.W.M. Eislen: Architect of Apartheid Education” in The History of Education Under Apartheid, 1948-1994: The doors of Learning and Culture and Shall be Opened. South Africa: Creda Communications.|

Langston, R. 1965. “Apartheid Arrests Continue” in International Socialist Review, 26 (3): 66, 95|

Mangcu, X. 2002 “Star pupil, rugby player and stick-fighter” in City Press [online] Accessed on 1 August 2012|

Ntantala, P. 1992. “Back to Fort Hare” in A Life's Mosaic: The Autobiography of Phyllis Ntantala. Berkeley:  University of California Press|

Boshoff, G. 2004. “A legacy forgotten” in News24 [online]. Available at www.news24.com [Accessed 1 August 2012]|


Contribution by Professor S. Badat on Banishment, Rhodes University, 2012.  From the book, Forgotten People - Political Banishment under Apartheid by Professor S. Badat

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