From 1947 to 1949 he worked in the Department of Native Affairs and in 1951 commenced studying for the Higher Primary Teacher's Diploma at Bethel College near Lichtenburg, Transvaal. After completing the course, he entered the teaching profession, specialising in Afrikaans, and taught at various secondary schools in Motswedi, Mafeking, Potchefstroom and Krugersdorp.


Bantu, September 1972.|Daily News, 13 March 1975.|Rand Daily Mail, 11 March 1983.|Rand Daily Mail, 21 February 1984.|Citizen, 30 April 1984.|Argus, 16 October 1985.|Sunday Star, 16 March 1986.|Daily News, 10 February 1988.|Natal Mercury, 11 February 1988.|Weekly Mail, 17 February 1989. .|Daily News, 8 May 1992.|Author\'s research undertaken for the Institute for a Democratic Alternative for South Africa (Idasa), 1992.

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