The documentation related to Ndhlovu Msutu’s banishment noted that he was appointed Headman of Msutu’s Location, Peddie District, [Eastern Province, now Eastern Cape] on 13 December 1920.

On December 1923, he was suspended “because he failed to carry out certain instructions in connection with the holding of a meeting.”  In July 1932, “Msutu’s increment was withheld due to unsatisfactory service.” In September 1933, he was charged with perjury and dismissed.


• Contribution by Professor S. Badat on Banishment, Rhodes University, 2012. From the book, Forgotten People - Political Banishment under Apartheid by Professor S. Badat

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