On 11November 1954, Kuena was banished to Frenchdale Native Trust Farm, Mafeking District, [North West Province]. Kuena caused great annoyance to the authorities in Evaton Township, Vereeniging District, Transvaal [now Gauteng].

He was allegedly a conman who sold himself as a tailor, metal-bearer and sign-writer, an “educationalist who founds and directs his own schools,” an advocate and “churchman who is both leader and priest of his own church.” It was also complained that he utilised:


• Contribution by Professor S. Badat, on Banishment, Rhodes University, 2012. From the book, Forgotten People - Political Banishment under Apartheid by Professor S. Badat.

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