It was established on the Farm "Keerom" which means "Turn around". Settlers occupied the area in the 1830's and the Town was proclaimed in 1874. It became a Municipality in 1884. The name "Brandfort" means "burning fort" or 'burning bean river' (in Afrikaans), after a plant which grows there! The main reason for this small Town is; agricultural and co-operatives for the Farming Community. It is located in the central Free State Province of South Africa, about 60 km North East of Bloemfontein.
It commemorates the Boer women and children (and also farm workers) who died in the Brandfort concentration camps during the South African War. Winnie Mandela had been banished to Brandfort on the 16 of May 1977. https://www.sahistory.org.za/archive/banishment-winnie-mandela-1983-interview-brandfort-ofs-0 There she was unceremoniously dumped at house 802 with her youngest daughter, Zinzi. https://www.sahistory.org.za/dated-event/winnie-mandela-banished-brandfort
In the book, Winnie Mandela: A life, she described Brandfort as: "A drab and dusty rural hamlet with unimaginative houses, an old-fashioned two-storey hotel, small shops lining the main street and a pervading atmosphere of lethargy and inactivity…
The dilapidated Township, had no official name but the Black residents had baptised it “Phathakahle” meaning handle with care" The site has been nominated as a National Heritage Site and plans are underway to develop it into a Museum.
In South Africa, the first concentration camps were erected in early 1901 during the Anglo-Boer South African War (1899-1902), also known as the Second Boer War.
Segregation persisted during wartime and there was a camp for whites called Dwyersdorp (named after Captain Dwyer who assisted white women and children who had been incarcerated at the camp) and the adjacent one for blacks was called Nooitgedacht.
The camp Cemetery was declared a National Monument in 1985 and currently holds Provincial Heritage Site status. It contains the remains of 1263 women and children. The cemetery was opened on 22 September 1962 by President Charles Robberts Swart.
The Florisbad Archaeological and Paleontological Site, lies about 46 km West of Brandfort and the site was declared a National Monument (now a Provincial Heritage Site) in 1997. The Florisbad Skull, an early hominid from the Middle Stone Age, was found here.
The first aeroplane built in Africa was built in Brandfort on property owned by Rear-Admiral John Weston. It has been nominated a National Heritage Site by SAHRA. This is where John Weston lived and designed both the aeroplane and Gnome engine now exhibited by the Bloemfontein Museum. He also designed the first RV/motorised caravan in the world.
Du Preez-Bezrob, Anne Marie. Winnie Mandela: A Life. Cape Town: Zebra Press. p. 185. ISBN 1868729265.
SAHRIS. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
Warwick, Peter. Black people and the South African War, 1899-1902. Cambridge University Press. p. 149.
Haig, Theodore Josina. The Kimberley arrangement. New York: Page publishing Inc. p. 53. ISBN 9781682892596