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Map of Africa locating Mozambique


Frelimo was formed in 1962, but was initially faced with internal strife and leadership problems. A successful guerrilla war against the Portuguese was waged from 1964-1974. Frelimo got support from the USSR, Algeria, Egypt, Zaire (the Democratic Republic of Congo) and Israel.


The Portuguese Armed Forces started a coup in Portugal in 1974. The coup was bloodless, but managed to end the dictatorship in Portugal and institute democracy. General Antonio Spinola became the first president after democracy. The coup also meant freedom for overseas colonies.

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Last updated : 28-Jun-2019

This article was produced by South African History Online on 21-Mar-2011

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