Weenen stands as a testament to the turbulent History of South Africa. Located on the serene Banks of the Bushman River in KwaZulu-Natal, it remains as the second oldest European Settlement in the Region.

In 1838, the Voortrekkers migration initially faced little resistance and eventually reached Natal. This Area was primarily occupied by the Zulu people. The Voortrekkers sought out new Land. Setting their focus on the royal Kraal of the Zulu King, Dingaan.
Their presence, unfortunately, led to heightened tensions. In a series of tragic events in 1838, Dingaan's warriors launched an assault, leading to what would be forever remembered as the' Weenen Massacre'. Two months post this sorrowful event, plots were laid out at the very site of the massacre and became known as: "THE BATTLE OF BLOOD RIVER". (Battle of Blood River, also called Battle of Ncome River). Its proximate cause was a clash over Land Rights in Natal and the massacre of Voortrekkers by the Zulu King Dingaan.
The Town was named Weenen, which means "place of weeping" in Dutch, a grim nod to its blood-soaked genesis. By 1841 Weenan officially become a Settlement. These tragic events that birthed Weenen need closer inspection for their Historical significance. After the Zulu King Dingaan ordered the killing of Piet Retief and about 100 members of his delegation, there was no reprieve for the remaining Voortrekkers however. The Zulu forces, known as: 'Impis', were dispatched to various Voortrekker Encampments. Doringkop, Bloukrans (Blaauwekrans), Moordspruit, and Rensburgspruit along the Bushman River became scenes, of horrifying bloodshed. The total casualties were staggering. Apart from the Voortrekkers, about 250 to 252 Khoikhoi and Basuto (slaves) who accompanied the Voortrekkers, were also killed.

The resilience of the human spirit is evident in how Weenen evolved. By 1910, it fell under the Governance of a Local board. Progress brought with it an innovative mode of transportation —a narrow gauge Railway built, in 1907. This Railway connected Weenen to Estcourt (47 kilometers to the West) and operated until 1983. The Town, being rich in Agricultural produce primarily being; cabbage and the Farmers utilized this railway for transport to other markets. (Due to this unique cargo, it affectionately garnered the name: "Cabbage Express").

Today, Weenen stands as more than just a Town in KwaZulu-Natal. It's a poignant reminder of South Africa's complex past, characterized by both 'CONFLICT AND COOPERATION AMONG ITS DIVERSE INHABITANTS.'

-28° 50' 57.3403", 30° 2' 25.5149"