South Africa’s Radical Tradition, a documentary history, Volume One 1907 - 1950, by Allison Drew

 

Introduction

Part One - South African Socialists and the radically-divided working class

Document 1 - Keir Hardie, "Stoned in South Africa", 1907

Document 2 - Letter from the Cape Labour Party to James Ramsay, 12 August 1908

Document 3 - Letter from F. A. W. Lucas to James Ramsay MacDonald,

Document 4 - "The Great Native Strike", " The International, 27 February 1920,

Document 5 - "Trade Union Notes", The Bolshevik, March 1920 (Extract)

Document 6 - M. Lopes, "Socialism and the Labour Party", The Bolshevik, April 1920

Document 7 - 'White South Africa.' Two Voices." The International, 27 January 1922

Document 8 - S. P. Bunting, The "Colonial" Labour Front, 23 October 1922

Document 9 - Letter from W. H. Andrews to Tom Mann," 26 December 1922

Document 10 - Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union of Africa, Flyer announcing Third Annual Conference, 17 January 1923

Document 11 - Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union of Africa, Annual Conference Agenda, St Phillips School, Chapel Street. District 6, Cape Town, 18 January 1923

Document 12 - Letter from T. W. Thibedi19 to E. R. Roux 20, 27 January 1927

Document 13 - Letter from John Gomes to C. F. Glass, 31 May 1927

Document 14 - Letter from C. F. Glass to John Gomas, 7 June 1927

Document 15 - E. R. Roux, Black and White Trade Unionism in South Africa, 28 July 1928

Document 16 - Letter from Clements Kadalie to E. R. Roux, 10 October 1928

Document 17 - Letter from E. R. Roux to W.G. Ballinger, 19 March 1929

Document 18 - Letter from S. P. Bunting to the South African Federation of NativeTrade Unions, 20 September 1930

Document 19 - Communist Party of South Africa, Memo on S.A.F.N.T.U. (1930)

Document 20 - Letter from S. P. Bunting to the Secretary, Communist Party of South Africa, 22 September 1930

Document 21 - Letter from S. P. Bunting to E. R. Roux, 27 October 1930

Part Two - Communists and the national struggle: The Native Republic Thesis

Document 22 - Letter from Douglas Wolton to E. R. Roux, 8 May 1928

Document 23 - S. P. Bunting, Statement presented at the Sixth Comintern Congress, 23 July 1928

Document 24 - E. R. Roux, Thesis on South Africa, presented at the Sixth Comintern Congress, 28 July 1928

Document 25 - E. R. Roux, The New Slogan and the Revolutionary Movement among White Workers in South Africa, presented at the Sixth

Document 26 - S. P. Bunting, Statement on the Kuusinen Thesis1 , presented at the Sixth Comintern Congress, 20 August 1928

Document 27 - Letter from E. R. Roux to Douglas Wolton, 5 September 1928

Document 28 - Letterfrom E. R. Roux to the Central Executive, Communist Party of South Africa, 25 September 1928

Document 29 - Letter from S. P. Bunting to E. R. Roux, 5 December 1928

Document 30 - Letter from S. P. Bunting fo E. R. Roux, 9 January 1929

Document 31 - Letter from E.R. Roux to Victor Danchin, 6 March 1929

Document 32 - League of African Rights, Petition, 1929

Document 33 - League of Atrican Rights, Announcement of Meeting, 25 August 1929

Part Three - The Comintern and the New Line

Document 34 - Letter from the Executive Bureau, Communist Party of South Africa, to the Executive Committee, Comintern

Document 35 - Letter from John Gomas to the Executive Bureau, Communist Party of South Africa, 29 October 1930

Document 36 - Letter from E. R. Roux to the Executive Bureau, Communist Party of South Africa, 18 November 1930

Document 37 - Letter from S. P. Bunting to E. R. Roux, 29 November 1930

Document 38 - "How to Build o Revolutionary Mass Party in South Africa: A letter from the Executive Committee of the Communist International, "Umsebenzi, 12 December 1930

Document 39 - Statement by S. P. Bunting, October 1931

Part Four - The origins and development of Trotskyism in South Africa

Document 40 - Letter from T. W. Thibedi to the Communist League ot America', 26 April 1932

Document 41 - Letter from the Communist League of America to T.W. Thibedi, 30 May 1932

Document 42 - Leon Trotsky, "Closer to the Proletarians of the Colored' Races!", The Militant, 2 July 1932

Document 43 - Letter from T. W. Thibedi fo Leon Trotsky, 10 August 1932

Document 44 - Letter from Leon Trotsky to T. W. Thibedi, 4 September 1932

Document 45 - Letter from the International Secretariat of the International Left Opposition to Cape Town comrades, 23 October 1932

Document 46 - Letter from the International Secretariat of the International left Opposition to Johannesburg comrades, 23 October 1932

Document 47 - "International Communist League Formed in South Africa", International Bulletin of the International Communist League, New Series, 2, September 1934

Document 48 - Lenin Club, Draft Thesis: The Native Question (Majority) (1934)

Document 49 - Lenin Club, Draft Thesis: Introduction (Minority) (1934)

Document 50 - Lenin Club, Draft Thesis: The Trade Union Question (No division On this question) (1934)

Document 51 - Leon Trotsky, Remarks on the Draft Theses of the Workers' Party of South Africa, 20 April 1935

Document 52 - International Secretariat of the International Communist League [B-L),Minutes of meeting, 23 April 1935 (Extract)

Document 53 - Remarks of Comrade Dubois", Internal Bulletin of the International Communist League (B-L), no. 2, May 1935

Document 54 - Letter from the International Secretariat of the International Communist League (B-L) to the Communist League of South Africa and the Workers Party of South Africa, 24 July 1935

Document 55 - Letter from the International Secretariat of the International Communist League (B-L) to the Workers' Party of South Africa and the Communist League of South Africa, 12 October 1935

Document 56 - Extract of a letter of 24 October 1935 from the COMMUNIST LEAGUE OF SOUTH AFRICA, Press Service of the International Secretariat, International Communist League (B-l), 15 November 1935

Document 57 - Letter from the Communist League of South Africa to the Workers' Party of South Africa, 13 January 1936

Document 58 - Letter from the Communist League of South Africa to the Workers' Party of South Africa, 18 February 1936

Document 59 - Letter from the Workers' Party of South Africa to N. J. Barclay, 21 February 1936

Document 60 - Letter from the Workers' Party of South Africa to the Communist League of South Africa, 3 March 1936

Document 61 - Minutes of the meeting of the Workers' Party of South Africa, Johannesburg Branch, held at 90 President Street, Johannesburg, 25 March (1936) at 8.30 p.m.

Document 62 - Minutes of the meeting of the Workers' Party of South Africa. Johannesburg Branch, held at 90 President Street, Johannesburg, 3 April 1936 at 8.20 p.m.

Document 63 - Letter from Workers' Party of South Africa to the International Secretariat of the International Communist League (B-L), 11 April 1936

Document 64 - Letter from the Workers' Party of South Africa to the International Secretariat of the International Communist League (B-L), 1 July 1936

Document 65 - Minutes of the meeting of the Workers' Party of South Africa. Johannesburg Branch held at 90 President Street, Johannesburg, Friday, 24 July 1936 at 8 p.m.

Document 66 - Letter from the Workers' Party of South Africa, Johannesburg, to the Cape Town branch, 21 February 1937

Document 67 - Letter from the African Metal Trades Union, Johannesburg, to the Workers' Party of South Africa, 21 February 1937

Document 68 - Letter from the Workers' Party of South Africa, Johannesburg, to the Cape Town branch, 26 February 1937

Document 69 - Letter from the Workers' Party of South Africa, Johannesburg, to the Cape Town branch, 22 March 1937

Document 70 - Letter from the Workers' Party of South Africa, Johannesburg, to the Cape Town branch, 26 August 1937

Document 71 - Spartacus Club October Revolution Celebrations, Oddfellows Hall, 70 Loop Street, Cape Town, 6 November 1937

Document 72 - Letter from R. T. R. Molefe to London comrades, 21 February 1938

Document 73 - Letter from The Spark to M.S. Njisane, Flagstaff, 15 September 1938

Document 74 - Letter from the Workers' Party of South Africa, Johannesburg, to Cape Town comrades, 2 November 1938

Document 75 - A. Mon (M. N. Averbach), "The Historical basis for the Programme of the Fourth International Organisation of South Africa", Workers' Voice, 1, 1, July 1944

Part Five - Building political alliances: Workers' unity and Black united fronts

Document 76 - Communist Party of South Africa, What is the Native Independent Republic? (1934)

Document 77 - M. K., "Fascism in South Africa", Umsebenzi, 13 January, 1934

Document 78 - "What is the Communist Party? A South African Native Republic, Lesson 3: The Native Republic 1", Umsebenzi, 24 February 1934

Document 79 - "What is the Communist Party? Lesson 4: What will be Done in the Bantu Republic?", Umsebenzi, 17 March 1934

Document 80 - "The Communist Party Points the Way to Freedom: ANC Leaders have no Programme of Struggle", Umsebenzi, 7 April 1934

Document 81 - D. I., "What the 'A.C.C.' Means", Umsebenzi, 26 January 1935

Document 82 - "Is There a Native Bourgeoisie?" Umsebenzi, 2 February 1935

Document 83 - "Native Bourgeoisie as a Class", Umsebenzi, 16 February 1935

Document 84 - A. Z., "Is There a Class of Native Capitalists in South Africa?" Umsebenzi, April 13, 1995

Document 85 - E. R. Roux, "The Native Exploiters: A reply to 'A. Z.'", Umsebenzi, 20 April 1935

Document 86 - E. T. Mofutsanyana, "The Native Exploiters in South Africa", Umsebenzi, 27 April 1935

Document 87 - "Lessons of the AII-Bantu Convention", The Spark, 2,2, February 1936

Document 88 - "No Compromise", Umsebenzi, 29 February 1936

Document 89 - "People's Front and the Cry for Unity in South Africa", The Spark, 2, 4, April 1936

Document 90 - "Hertzog's Native Bill Passed: Only 11 Oppose Reactionary Measure", Umsebenzi, 11 April 1936

Document 91 - John Gomas, "The Native Representation Bill is Passed: What Must be Done Now?" Umsebenzi, 25 April 1936

Document 92 - "Communist Party of South Africa Plenum Held from 5th to 8th April 1936", Umsebenzi, 16 May 1936

Document 93 - S. B., "Unite Against Reaction and Oppression: United Front Against National Oppression and Fascism", Umsebenzi, 23 May 1936

Document 94 - "The United Front in South Africa: A Reply to S. B.", South African Worker, 13 June 1936

Document 95 - "Welcome The AII-African National Convention! African National Convention Must Mark Beginning of National Liberation Document Movement", South African Worker, 27 June 1936

Document 96 - "C, B. I. Joins Workers' Party", Umlilo Mollo/The Flame, 1, 1.Sepfember 1936

Document 97 - "Advisory Board Elections: Communist Party calls on Location Residents to support AII-African Convention for Better Conditions", South African Worker, 26 September 1936

Document 98 - "The All African Convention", Umlilo Mollo/The Flame, 1,2, October 1936

Document 99 - Edwin T. Mofutsanyana, "AII-African Convention: Masses Must Support It", South African Worker, 9 January 1937

Document 100 - "15th Anniversary of 1922 Rand Strike: Communist Party Calls Mass Demonstration to Commemorate", South African Worker, 27 February 1937

Document 101 - Letter from Workers' Party of South Africa to G. H. Gool, 4 March 1937

Document 102 - Workers' Party of Soufh Africa, Liberation League (c. March 1937)

Document 103 - Programme of the Nafional Liberation League of S.A. as Revised and Adopted at First Congress, Cope Town, March 1937

Document 104 - Boycott the Elections! The Spark, 3,4, April 1937

Document 105 - John Gomas, "Cape Town: Liberation League Activities", South African Worker, 17April 1937

Document 106 - "Notes of the month", Umvikeli-Thebe/The African Defender 9, June 1937

Document 107 - "Johannesburg Municipal Elections: Communist Party asks Labour Party for Working Arrangement", South African Worker, 12 June 1937

Document 108 - "African National Congress to be Revived: Leaders' Co-ordinating Committee's Work", South African Worker, 4 September 1937

Document 109 - G. H. Gool and J. A. La Guma, "Appeal of the National Liberation League for a National Convention of the Subject Peoples of South Africa", The Liberator, September 1937

Document 110 - "AII-African Convention Forthcoming Conference," South African Worker, 13 November 1937

Document 111 - Letters from Moses Kotane to John Gomas,14, 17, 18 and 23 December 1937

Document 112 - Note from Claremont branch of the National Liberation League of South Africa, 26 March 1938

Document 113 - National Liberation League of South Africa, Honesty is the Best Policy (c. 1938)

Document 114 - (National Liberation League?), How To Work Among Urban Africans

Document 115 - Hawa H. Ahmed (Halima Gool), Address Delivered at Inaugural Meeting of the Non-European Women's Suffrage League", Cosmopolitan Hall, Cape Town, 24 August 1938

Document 116 - Committee of Action of the Non-European United Front, Non-European United Front, Cape Town (1939)

Document 117 - Non-European United Front of South Africa, Statement of Passive Resistance Movement {1939}

Document 118 - Johannesburg District Communist Party, Call to a Non-European United Front!

Document 119 - Non-European United Front of South Africa, Minutes of Conference held in City Hall, Cape Town, 8 to 10 April 1939

Document 120 - Draft Programme of the Communist Party of South Africa (c. 1940)

Document 121 - A. Mon (M. N. Averbach), "The Colour Bar and the National Struggle for Full Democratic Rights", Workers' Voice, 1,2, November 1944

Part Six - World war and the suppression of socialism

Document 122 - "Manifesto Against Imperialist War", Socialist Action1, August 1939

Document 123 - Statement of Dr Y. M. Dadoo', Secretary, Non-European United Front (Transvaal), before the Court, 6 September 1940

Document 124 - Letter from Max Gordon 6 to Fanny Klenerman 7, 21 December 1940

Document 125 - ENTERTAINMENT OF MAX GORDON (c. 1941)

Document 126 - Letter from W. G. Ballinger to Mampurie (Self-Mampuru, 1 May 1941

Document 127 - 6 Point Communist Programme c. 7 94 J)

Document 128 - A. P. Mda13, "Report of Communist Activities among the Natives in Johannesburg", Catholic Times, July 1942

Document 129 - "The Programme of the 4th International in South Africa", Workers Voice, 1 July (19437}

Document 130 - Communists in Conference: The 1943/44 National Conference of the Communist Party of South Africa PLANS FOR 1944

Document 131 - "Why did the V.F.P. Strike Fail?", Workers Voice, 1 February 1944

Document 132 - "Our Programme", Progressive Trade Union Bulletin, 1,1, February 1945

Document 133 - Editorial: The Bloemfontein Trade Union Conference and the Industrial Conciliation Act", The Militant Worked, October November 1945

Document 134 - The Impending Strike of African Miners: A statement by the African Mineworkers' Union, 7 August 1946

Document 135 -"National Front and Class Struggle: Report to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of South Africa", Freedom, 5, 4, August-September 1946

Document 136 - 'Report on the Relationship of the Party to other Workers' organisations in South Africa", Freedom, 5,4, August-September 1946

Document 137 - Letter from the Fourth International Organisation of South Africa to [Revolutionary Communist Party?)28,6 March 1947

Document 138 - Letter from the Fourth International Organisation of South Africa to the Revolutionary Communist Party, 29 August 1947

Document 139 - "The coming Anti-African Bill", Workers' Voice, 6,2, December 1947

Document 140 - "Terrorism on the Mines: Union organisers allege assaults", The Guardian, 4 December 1947

Document 141 - "Apartheid Spells Disaster", Report of the Central Committee of the Communist Party to the Party's National Conference, Johannesburg, 6 to 8 January 1950, Freedom, New Series 15 December, 1949