In the Mpanza valley in the Umvoti disÂtrict, a minor chief of the Zondi, Bambatha ka Mancinza Zondi (also spelt Bambada, Bhambada), flatly refused to collect the poll tax and threatened white authorities with death if they attempted to do so in his district. AtÂtempts to enforce his compliance failed and he was deposed and another chief apÂpointed in his place.
Bhambatha fled to Zululand and met with Dinuzulu, who had returned from exile in 1898. It is not certain whether the Zulu king offered tangible support, but Bhambatha's wife did remain at Dinuzulu's royal homestead. Bhambatha returned to Natal to continue his campaign of resistance. In April 1906 he ambushed a police force near Greytown and killed four policemen, one of whose body was mutilated. He fled to the home of chief Sigananda Shezi of the Cube chiefdom, near the Nkandla forÂest. By now, general lawlessness had broken out in many districts of northern NaÂtal and Zululand.
For the Natal authorities this was untenÂable. Under the command of Colonel DunÂcan Mckenzie, a large militia was raised from Natal, Johannesburg and the Cape. On 10 June, Mckenzie's troops encountered the 'rebels' along the Mome stream near the Nkandla forest. In a half-hour's engageÂment, Bhambatha's followers were masÂsacred, and nearly 600 lives were shed. Bhambatha's body was decapitated. SevÂeral influential chiefs continued resistance in the Lower Thukela River area until July, but the rebellion was effectively crushed. Over the next six months 5 000 dissidents were arrested, tried and some eventually served life sentences.
*Note: Date is given as 9 June in two other sources, but 10 June is considered the correct date.
• Wallis, F. (2000). Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau
• Potgieter, D.J. et al. (eds)(1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v.
• Kruger, D.W. (ed)(1972). Dictionary of South African Biography, Cape Town: Human Sciences Research Council, .
• Hermann Giliomee and Bernard Mbenga (2007). New History of South Africa. Tafelberg Publishers, Cape Town.
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