Mpumalanga

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Mpumalanga’s coat of arms - Source: http://www.polity.org.za/html/govdocs/misc/mp

Mpumalanga means ‘Place of the Rising Sun’ and is the name given to the new province in Eastern Transvaal in 1993. It includes part of the old Transvaal and the former homeland KaNgwane, as well as parts of Gazankulu and Lebowa. The province forms a very important part of South Africa’s heritage. There are many game reserves including the world famous Kruger National Park. The natural heritage also includes Bourke’s Luck potholes and the Sodwala caves. The cultural heritage includes San rock paintings, Ndebele wall paintings, and the old mining town, Pilgrim’s Rest.

Capital: Nelspruit

Main languages: siSwati, isiZulu, Afrikaans

Premier: David Mabuza

First premier (1994): Matthews Phosa

Mpumalanga's claim to fame:

Alluvial gold (Pilgrim's Rest)

In 1873, Alec ‘Wheelbarrow’ Patterson discovered alluvial gold near what is today Pilgrim’s Rest. At first he tried to keep it a secret, but then a similar discovery was made by William Trafford. This led to the world’s biggest gold rush of the time. But in 1886 reef gold was discovered on the Witwatersrand, which caused an even bigger rush. Many people left Pilgrim’s Rest and went to the Witwatersrand, but mining in the eastern Transvaal still continued until 1972.

Jock of the Bushveld

Jock of the Bushveld

Percy Fitzpatrick’s famous book, Jock of the Bushveld, is the true story of Fitzpatrick’s Staffordshire Bullterrier and their adventures in the South African lowveld. Fitzpatrick was a transport rider, which is somebody who carried goods between the harbours on the coast and the towns, especially mining towns, in the interior of the country. They provided a very needed service before railways were built, and even afterwards, as the trains were very slow. They used ox-wagons to transport food, clothes, tools and other goods. When all Fitzpatrick’s oxen died after they were bitten by tsetse flies, his business was ruined. He had to find a new job in Johannesburg, which meant that he had to give Jock away. One night, Jock’s new owner thought he was a stray dog that was stealing his fowl. He shot Jock dead.

Fitzpatrick wrote Jock’s story in a book, Jock of the Bushveld, which was published in 1907. Today it is still as popular as it was then and more than one movie has been made of the story. There are also many monuments for Jock in Mpumalanga, including one in the Kruger National Park.

Kruger National Park

The Kruger National ParkThe Kruger National Park.

The Kruger National Park is the oldest game park in South Africa. It was named after the ZAR President Paul Kruger, who wanted to create a game reserve between the Sabie and Crocodile Rivers in 1898. At first it was called the Sabie Game Reserve, but in 1926 the name was changed to the Kruger National Park. The Park is very large – it is even bigger than Swaziland! There are more than 500 types of birds and more than 130 types of mammals, including the Big Five: leopard, lion, rhinoceros, elephant and buffalo.

The Park plays a very important role in protecting our natural heritage, and tourists from all over the world are attracted by the wildlife in the Park. There are also a number of cultural heritage sites in the Park. Go to the Kruger Park’s official website: http://www.krugerpark.co.za

Last updated : 24-Jan-2013

This article was produced for South African History Online on 31-Mar-2011