On 24 October, 1964 Northern Rhodesia (now known as Zambia) gained independence from Britain with Kenneth Kaunda as the country’s first president, and proclaimed one-party rule. Their independence came four years after the famous speech “The winds of change” by British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan. The country’s taste of independence emerged ten months after the collapse of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, with Northern Rhodesia becoming the Republic of Zambia.

• African American Registry, (2011) ‘Zambia gains independence’, [online] Available at [Accessed 21 September 2012]
Exploring Africa(2011) ‘Unit Two: Studying Africa through Social Studies’[online] Available at [Accessed 21 September 2012]
South African History Online‘Kenneth Kaunda becomes the Prime Minister of Northern Rhodesia (Zambia)’, [online], available at (Accessed: 21 September 2012)

Last updated : 30-Aug-2018

This article was produced for South African History Online on 26-Sep-2012