- ANC Origins and Background
- Defiance Campaign 1952
- Continued resistance and internal criticism 1920s and 1930s
- Rejuvenation of the ANC and intensification of the struggle 1940s
- ANC and the early development of apartheid 1948-1950s
- A change to armed struggle and the state’s intensified repression 1960s
- Armed Struggle, the revival of armed activity 1970s-1980s
- Armed Struggle, the anti-apartheid struggle accelerates 1984-1990
- Delegates in attendance at the SANNC Founding Conference in 1912
- Early Resistance, the 1913 Land Act and deputations to London
- Isitwalandwe/Seaparankwe Award
- Second letter from Nelson Mandela to Hendrik Verwoerd 26 June 1961
- An Autobiographical Note by Nelson Mandela, 1964
- Barbara Masekela’s speech (ANC Women’s Section), 1982
- References: ANC feature
- Delegations and dialogue between ANC and internal non government groups
- Poqo political trials and the execution of its operatives in the 1960s
- A History of Abantu-Batho Newspaper 1912-1931
- ANC Conference Documents
- National Executive Committee as elected by ANC, 20 December 2007, 52nd National Conference, Polokwane
- The ‘four nation’ thesis
- The Jacob Zuma Presidency - 2009 to 2017 (March)
- ANC Policy Documents
- First National Consultative Conference - Morogoro, 26 April 1969
- The 52nd ANC National Conference - Polokwane 2007
- The co-optation of the African National Congress: South Africa’s original ‘State Capture’, Sampie Terreblanche
The African National Congress (ANC) is South Africa's governing party and has been in power since the transition to democracy in April 1994. The organisation was initially founded as the South African Native National Congress (SANNC) on 8 January 1912 in Bloemfontein, with the aim of fighting for the rights of black South Africans. The organization was renamed the ANC in 1923. While the organization’s early period was characterized by political inertia due to power struggles and lack of resources, increasing repression and the entrenchment of white minority rule galvanized the party. As a result of the establishment of apartheid, its aversion to dissent by Black people and brutal crackdown of political activists, the ANC together with the SACP formed a military wing, uMkhonto we Sizwe (Spear of the Nation/ MK) in 1961.
Through MK, the ANC waged the armed struggle and obtained support from some African countries and the Soviet block for its activities. With the increasing internal dissent, international pressure and the collapse of the Soviet Union, the apartheid government was forced to enter into negotiations with the ANC. This saw the collapse of apartheid and the ushering in of democratic rule in 1994.
In the national elections from 1994 to 2004 the ANC had consistently risen in electoral popularity. With the 2009 elections the party suffered a drop in popularity that was repeated in 2014. This time period also coincided with the presidency of Jacob Zuma.
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