Uganda is a landlocked Country in East Africa, whose diverse landscape encompasses the snow-capped Rwenzori Mountains and immense Lake Victoria. Its abundant wildlife includes chimpanzees as well as rare birds. The remote Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is a renowned mountain gorilla sanctuary. Murchison Falls National Park in the northwest, is known for its 43m-tall waterfall and wildlife such as hippos. Named after the dramatic Murchison Falls, which were christened by Sir Samuel Baker; Uganda’s Murchison Falls National Park is the Country’s largest protected wildlife sanctuary. Here, the mighty Nile River bisects flourishing savannahs, flanked by lush riverine woodlands, before bursting through a chasm in the Rift Valley escarpment to form the raging Murchison Falls. Wildlife enthusiasts can expect to see great pods of hippo and immense rafts of crocodile in-and-around the Nile, as well as an array of exceptional water birds. Other fascinating wildlife include the rare Rothschild giraffe, lion, various antelope species, buffalo, leopard and spotted hyena.
Much of Uganda territory, is made up of Lake Victoria. Around 500 B.C. Bantu speaking people migrated to Uganda. Arab traders arrived in Uganda in the 1840s, whereas British explorers started arriving in 1862. In 1894 Uganda became a British Protectorate. The country is known for rich mineral deposits. New geo-data shows that Uganda has large underexploited mineral deposits of gold, oil, high grade tin, tungsten/wolfram, salt, beryllium, cobalt, kaolin, iron ore, glass sand, vermiculite, phosphates (agricultural fertiliser), uranium and rare earth elements. There are also significant quantities of clay and gypsum.
Milton Obote, became the country's first Prime Minister after independence; however, the country's notorious dictator Idi Amin soon toppled him. With the expulsion of Amin, Obote became a Prime Minister in 1985; he was forced to resign due to mounting proof of high-level government corruption. Yoweri Museveni became president of Uganda after taking power in 1986.
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