Cape Town

1

A Muslim Couple in Bokaap, Cape Town. © UCT Macmillan

Also known as 'The Mother City', Cape Town is the largest city in the Western Cape Province, and was founded as a resupply stop for the Dutch East India Company. Today, Cape Town is the legislative capital of South Africa, and a popular tourist destination known for its beaches, vineyards and majestic landscapes and limitless ocean.


References:
• A A, Edward, Campbell G & Salman M, Resisting bondage in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia, pp.13-16
• Adler G & Steinberg J, (2000), From comrades to citizens: the South African civics movement and the transition to democracy, (London), pp.43-
• Ali S, Coate K & WangÅ«i wa Goro, (2002), Global feminist politics: identities in a changing world, (London), pp.12-20.
• Anon, Chronologies-1970, from O’Malley the Heart of Hope, [online] Available at www.nelsonmandela.org [Accessed March 2011]
• Anon, Denis Goldberg, ANC, ex-underground, former political prisoner. Work for the Minister of Water Affairs and Forestry, from the Nordic Documentation on the Liberation Struggle in Southern Africa, [online], Available at www.liberationafrica.se [Accessed: 21 February 2011]
• Anon, The Soweto Uprising Of the Uprising, from New History, [online], Available at http://newhistory.co.za [Accessed March 2011] 
• Barber J, (1999) South Africa in the twentieth century, (Oxford), p.168
• Beresford D, (2010), The swordsman and the bomb, from the Timeslive, 29 August, online Available at www.timeslive.co.za [Accessed: 08 February 2011]
• Besteman C L, (2008), Transforming Cape Town, (California), p.45-51
• Bickford Smith, V (1995), Ethnic Price and Racial Prejudice in Victorian Cape Town, (Cambridge University Press), pp.144-145.
• Bickford-Smith, V Van Heyningen, E Worden, N (1999), Cape Town in the twentieth century, (David Philip Publishers)
• Bickford-Smith.V. et al, (1998), Cape Town: the making of a city: an illustrated social history, South Africa: David Philip Publishers.
• Bickford-Smith.V. et al, (1999), Cape Town in the twentieth century, South Africa: David Philip Publishers
• Bush B, (1999), Imperialism, race, and resistance: Africa and Britain, 1919-1945, (London), p.159
• Cape Colony : British Occupation, 1806-1872 (online), available at: www.bookrags.com [Accessed 24 May 2010]
• Cape Malays and their Heritage [online]. Available at: www.toyerfarrath.wordpress.com [Accessed 5 September 2010] (blog)
• Cassiem, S.N. (2004) Muhammed The Pathway to the Garden. Hijrah Productions. South Africa. (p1-3).
• Castel of Good Hope (online), available at: www.castleofgoodhope.co.za [Accessed 24 May 2010]
• Cecil John Rhodes (online), available at: www.sahistory.org.za [Accessed 24 May 2010]
• Cole, J (1987), Crossroads, The Politics of Reform and Repression 1976-1986 (Johannesburg), pp. 11-54
• Colonial Post and Telegraph of the Cape of Good Hope (online), available at: www.sahistory.org.za [Accessed 24 May 2010]
• Davis,A & Da Costa,Y (date unknown) Pages from Cape Muslim History. Shooter and Shuter. South Africa.
• District Six: Cape Town (online), available at: http://en.wikipedia.org [Accessed 24 May 2010]
• Du Plessis, I.D. (1972) The Cape Malay. A.A Balkema. Cape Town. (p6-31)
• Dubow S & Jeeves A, (2005), South Africa’s 1940s, Worlds of Possibilities, (Cape Town), pp.2-4
• Dugard J, (2008), International law: a South African perspective, (Cape Town), p.55
• Evans, A B, The Afrikaans Medium Decree, from About.com ”“African History, [online], Available at http://africanhistory.about.com[Accessed March 2011]
• False Bay (online), available at: http://en.wikipedia.org [Accessed 24 May 2010]
• Fast, H (1995), Pandoks, Houses and Hostels, A history of Nyanga 1946-1970, PhD Thesis History, (University of Cape Town). pp.28-48
• Field, S et al, (2002), Lost Communities Living Memories, Remembering Forced Removals in Cape Town, (Cape Town), pp.19-22
• Frankental, S & Sichone, O. B. (2005), South Africa’s Diverse Peoples: A Reference Sourcebook, (California), pp.47-50
• Gastrow P, (1995), Bargaining for peace: South Africa and the National Peace Accord, (Washington), pp.32-33
• Gilliomee, H (2003), Afrikanner, Biography of a People, (London), pp.45, 83, 183
• Gish S, (2004), Desmond Tutu: a biography, (Westport), pp.131-132
• Goldstone, RJ, (1993), Goldstone Commission: Report on Violence at Crossroads Camp March-June 1993, 22 October, from the African National Congress, [online] Available at www.anc.org.za [Accessed: 15 February 2011]
• Hansen KT & Vaa M, (2002), Reconsidering informality: perspectives from urban Africa, (Nordic Africa Institute) pp.47-48
• Haron, M. (2000) The Cape Malay: an imagined community. Conflict of Identities.
• Hassim S, (1999), Women’s organizations and democracy in South Africa: contesting authority, (Madison), p. 55
• Hemnson D,Leggasick M and Ulrich N, White Activists and the Revival of the Workers Movement, in The Road to Democracy in South Africa: Vol. 2, 1970-1980, p. 310.
• Hill CR, (1983), Change in South Africa: blind alleys or new directions, (London), p.109
• Hill R.A, (1984), The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers, Vol. III, September 1920 ”“ August 1921, (California), p.233
• Hill, T & Nel , E (2000), An valuation of Community Driven Economic Development , Land Tenure and Sustainable environmental development in the Kat River Valley, (Pretoria), p.19
• History of Robben Island (online), available at: www.robben-island.org.za [Accessed 24 May 2010]
• Human Sciences Research Council, New dictionary of South African biography, Volume 1, pp.80-84
• Jan Van Riebeeck (online), available at: www.sahistory.org.za [Accessed 24 May 2010]
• Johannes Van der Walt, A & Pienaar, G (2009, Sixth Ed), Introduction to the Law of Property, (Cape Town), p.319
• Kallaway, P (2002), The History of Education under Apartheid 1948-1994, the doors of learning shall be opened, (Cape Town).
• Keegan, T. J. (1996), Colonial South African and Origins of the Racial Order, (Virginia), p.111& 108
• Lodge T & Nasson, B, All, here, and now: Black politics in South Africa in the 1980s, p. 219-220
• Lodge T, (1986), p.52
• Lodge T, The Paarl Insurrection: A South African Uprising, in the African Studies Review, Vol.25, No 4, (Dec 1982), pp. 95-116
• Maaba, B B, The PAC’s War against the State 1960- 1963, in The Road to Democracy in South Africa: Vol. 1, 1960-1970, pp. 257-267
• MacEwen, M, Louw, A. & Dupper, O, (2005), Employment equity in the higher education sector: a study of transformation in the Western Cape, (Stellenbosch), pp. 63-64
• Malayamerican (2004) A Cultural Link Spanning Three Centuries, The Story of the Cape Malay [online], 18 January. Available at: www.saembassy-jakarta.or.id [Accessed 5 September 2010] (blog)
• Mason J.E, Social death and resurrection: slavery and emancipation in South Africa, pp.48, 66-67
• Misbach-Habib,S. & Hutchinson, M. (2008) Voices of the Bo-Kaap. Shuter. South Africa. (p14-16;31-34).
• Molteno F, ‘Students take control: The 1980 boycott of Coloured Education in the Cape Peninsula’, in the British Journal of Sociology of Education, Vol.8, NO.1, 1987, pp.3-
• Mputing, A Public History and Tourism in Nyanga, (1998), Thesis B.A. (Hons) (University of Cape Town)
• Parker P & Parker J M, (1998), In the shadow of Sharpeville: apartheid and criminal justice, (New York) pp.29-30
• Parks M, (1994), SOUTH AFRICA: FORGING A NATION: SOUTH AFRICA: A TALE OF SIX FAMILIES: CHAPTER TWO / The Struggle Against Apartheid, from the Los Angeles Times, 10 April, [online], Available at  [Accessed: 2 February 2011]
• Paulse, M (2002), An Oral History of Tramway Road and Ilford Street Sea Point 1930s -2001, the production of place by Class race and Gender, Thesis (Ph.D. Historical Studies) (University of Cape Town.)
• Peires, J (1989), The Dead will Arise, Nongqawuse and the Great Xhosa Cattle Killing Movement of 1856-57, (Johannesburg), p.249
• Penn N, Cape Colony: Khoi-Dutch Wars, from Book Rages, [online], Available at www.bookrags.com [Accessed: 21 January 2011]
• Ramphele M, A bed called home: life in the migrant labour hostels of Cape Town, pp 89-106
• Richmond S, Cape Town, pp.47-48
• Ross R, (1983), Cape of Torments, Slavery and Resistance in South Africa, (London), pp. 54-72
• Ross R, (1983), Cape of Torments: slavery and resistance in South Africa, (London), pp.1-23
• Ross, R (1999), Status and Respectability in the Cape Colony 1750-1870, A Tragedy of Manners, (Cambridge University Press), p.50
• Saff G, (1998), Changing Cape Town: urban dynamics, policy, and planning during the political transition in South Africa (University Press of America) pp.85-86
• SAPA, (1996), ST JAMES CHURCH MASSACRE ACCUSED GRANTED BAIL  6 September, [online] Available at www.justice.gov.za [Accessed: 15 February 2011]
• Sarah Baartman’s Story (online), available at: www.saartjiebaartmancentre.org.za [Accessed 24 May 2010]
• Scalon H, (2007), Representation and Reality, Portraits of Women lives in the Western Cape 1948-1976 (Cape Town), pp. 64-91
• Schoeman,C. (1994) District Six The Spirit of Kanala. Human and Rousseau. Cape Town.
• Schuurman F J & van Naerssen A. L, (1989), Urban social movements in the Third World, (London), pp.114-115
• Seekings J, (2000), The UDF: a history of the United Democratic Front in South Africa, 1983-1991, (Claremont, Cape Town) p.79-82
• Sheikh Yusuf of Macassar (online), available at: www.nuradeen.com [Accessed 24 May 2010]
• Signal Hill and the Noon Gun (online), available at: www.capetown.travel [Accessed 24 May 2010]
• Smith V B, (1995), Ethnic Pride and Racial Prejudice in Victorian Cape Town, Group identity and Social Practice (Cambridge University Press), p.183
• Smith VB, van Heyningen E & Worden N, Cape Town in the twentieth century: an illustrated social history, pp.84-86
• South African History Timeline: 1600s (online), available at: www.sahistory.org.za [Accessed 24 May 2010]
• Table Bay (online), available at: http://en.wikipedia.org [Accessed 24 May 2010]
• Table Mountain (online), available at: http://en.wikipedia.org [Accessed 24 May 2010]
• The Bo-Kaap or Cape Malay Quarter [online]. Available at: www.southafrica-travel.net [Accessed 11 October 2010].
• The Cape Malay. From Wikipedia. Available at: enwikipedia.org [Accessed 14 October 2010].
• The Cape under British Rule (online), available at: www.capetown.at [Accessed 24 May 2010]
• The Case of South Africa’s Cape Malays [online]Available at: www.phuakl.tripod.com [Accessed 12 September 2010]
• The Dutch in South Africa (online), available at: www.colonialvoyage.com [Accessed 24 May 2010]
• Truth and Reconciliation Commission, (1998), AMNESTY GIVEN FOR HEIDELBERG TAVERN MASSACRE 16 July, [online] Available at www.justice.gov.za [Accessed: 15 February 2011]
• Truth and Reconciliation Commission, (1998), STATEMENT BY THE TRUTH AND RECONCILIATION COMMISSION ON AMNESTY ARISING FROM KILLING OF AMY BIEHL, 28 July, from the South African Government Information, [online],  Available at www.info.gov.za [Accessed: 15 February 2011]
• Unterhalter, E, (1987), Forced Removal, The Division, Segregation and Control of the People of South Africa, (London), pp. 8-9 & 60-67
• V. B Smith, History Workshop Structure and experience in the making of Apartheid, 6-10 February 1990. The background to Apartheid: The Growth of Racism and Segregation from the Mineral Revolution to the 1930s, pp.6-9
• Van der Merwe, HW, (1989), Pursuing justice and peace in South Africa, (New York), p.35
• Viljoen R.S, (2006), Jan Paerl, a Khoikhoi in Cape colonial society, 1761-1851, (Netherlands), p.29
• Wilford R, Robert & Miller R L, (1998), Women, ethnicity and nationalism: the politics of transition, (London), pp.63-64
• Worden N, (1985), Slavery in Dutch South Africa, (Cambridge University Press), pp.9, 86 & 120
• Worden, N. Van Heyningen, E, and Beckford-Smith, V (2004), Cape Town: The making of City, (David Philip Publishers)
• Worden, N., Van Heyningen, E., & Bickford-Smith,V. (date unkown) Cape Town The making of a City. David Philip Publishers. Cape Town (p124-127)
• Wren, CS, (1989), TUTU IS ARRESTED DURING A PROTEST from the New York Times, 02 September, [online] Available at www.nytimes.com [Accessed: 07 February 2011]

Last updated : 14-Jan-2015

This article was produced for South African History Online on 30-Mar-2011